Functional Arabic Verbs List

Depending on the type of the verb used in a sentence, there are three patterns of Arabic Verbal Sentences.

 1. Basically, a transitive verb needs an object, and the pattern is:

(Option. Adv. Ph. 3) +(Op. Adv. 2) +(Op. Adv. Ph. 1) + Object + Subject+ Verb

**طَبَخَت والدتي وَجبَة ً لذيذةٍبسُرعَةٍ (في مَطبَخِها)قَبلَ ساعَةٍ .**

                                 1            2              3

My mother cooked a delicious meal in her kitchen an hour ago.

Optional means that you can have 1, 2 ,3,  or NONE of those adverbial phrases. The order depends on what you want to emphasize. The most important comes last.

2. An intransitive verb does not need an object, and the pattern is:

(Op. Adv. Ph. 3) +(Op. Adv. 2)+(Op. Adv. Ph. 1) + Subject+ Verb

**جَلسَتْ اُختي وَحيدَة ً في غُرفتِها طولَ اليَومِ.**

My sister sat by herself in her room all day long.

3. If the intransitive verb takes a preposition the pattern is:

(Op. Adv. Ph. 1) + Object of the Prep. + Preposition + Subject+ Verb

**ذهَبَ أخي إلی المکتـَبَةِ مَنذ ُ ساعَةٍ.**

My brother went to the library since an hour.

Please note the following :

* Indicates a "sick verb" which means that there is a long vowel among the 3 Radical Letters of its root.

** Indicates a double end "Shadda Verb."

Both types behave a little bit different from the regular verbs when they are conjugated to the various subject pronouns.

to travel  سافـَر1

to eat  أکَـَل2

to meet  قابَل3

to write کـَتـَب4

to drink شَرِب5

to ask سأل6

to read. قـَرَأ  7

to work, do  عَمُل8

to obtain, get  حَصَل علی9

to befriend with صادَق/ تَصادق معَ10

* to buy  .إشتری11

* to walk مَشی12

to talk with  تَحَدَّثَ / تکـَلـَّم مَعَ13

to talk about عَن    تَحَدَّثَ / تکـَلـَّم 14

to hear سَمِع15

to listen to  إستـَمَع إلی16

to learn  عَلِمَ17

to learn sth.  تعلـَّم 18

to play  لـَعِب19

to go   ذَهَب20

to leave تَرَك21

to run  رَكَـَض22

to ride  رَکِب23

* to drive, lead  قاد24

to cook  طـَبَخ25

* to sleep  نام26

*to wake up  صحا27

**to shower  إستحَمَّ28

to welcome, receive someone   رَحَّب29

to see, watch  شاهَد30

to carry  حمَل31

to move, transfer نقل32

to go up صَعد33

to go down  نزل34

to rent  إستأجر35

to spend  صَرَف36

to exchange (currency)  صَرَّف37

* to stand up  وَقف38

to sit down  جَلس39

to dance  رَقص40

* to sing  غنـَّی41

to help, assist  ساعَد42

to begin, start  بَدَأ43

to complete, finish  أکمَل44

to argue تَناقش 45

to discuss  ناقش 46

to look for  .بَحَث عن47

* to fly  طار48

to book, reserve حَجَز49

to laugh ضَحِك50

* to cry بکی51

** to like, love  أحبَّ52

to hate   کَرِه53

* to visit  زار54

to marry  تزوَّج55

to elect  إنتخَب56

to become sick  مَرِض57

to feel, sense  شَعَر58

to swim  سَبَح59

to hug, embrace  حَضَن60

to kiss  قبَّل61

to open  فتح62

to close  أغلق63

to hit  ضَرَب64

to jump قـَفـَز65

to be informed  اُخبـِر66

to teach دَرَّس ، عَلـَّم 67

to wear  لَبِس68

to take off   خَلَع69

to drink  شَرِب70

to answer  أجاب71

to correspond with  تَراسَل72

to be angry with  غَضِب مِن/علی73

to compete with  تَنافَس74

to take  أخَذ75

* to give  أعطی76

to author   ألـَّف77

to steal  سَرَق78

to think  فـَکـَّر79

to believe  إعتَقَد80

to immigrate  هاجَر81

to attack  هاجَم82

to live, reside  سَکن83

to graduate  تخَرَّج84

to advertise, announce  أعلن85

to smile  إبتَسَم86

to use  إستعمُل87

to employ  إستَخدَم88

to mention  ذَکـَر89

to remember   تذَکـَّر90

to assemble, meet   إجتَمَع91

*to borrow (not money)  إستعار92

to introduce   قدَّم93

to imagine  تصَوَّر94

to preserve, maintain  حافَظ علی95

** to solve  حَلَّ96

to escape  هَرَب97

** to continue  واصَل98

to greet   سَلـَّم علی99

* to arrive   وصَل100

* to find      101. وَجَد

* to promise   102. وَعَد

* to invite   103. دعا

to recover  104. إسترجَع

* to act cruely, to be harsh   قسا105

* to walk  مَشی106

* to return عاد 107

*to  forget  نسي108

to criticize  إنتـَقـَد109

to influence, affect  أثـَّر110

to exit   خَرَج111

to enter  دَخَل112

to scream, shout  صَرَخ113

to whisper  هَمَس114

to cross  عَبَر115

to express   عَبَّر عَن116

*to say  قال117

*to buy  إشتری118

*to complain  شکا119

*to grow  نَما120

to win  رَبِح121

to lose  خَسِر122

to participate  شارَك123

*to fast   صام124

*to pray  صَلـَی125

*to build  بَنی126

to demolish, tear down   هَدَم127

to convert to Islam  أسلـَم 128

to surrender إستسلـَم 129

**to settle down  إستـَقـَرّ130

to be able تـَمَکـَّن131

to please   أفرَح132

to make happy   أسعَد133

to raise an issue  أثار134

*to add  أضاف135

to demand  طالـَب136

to happen  حَدَث137

*to remain, stay  بَقي138

to try  حاوَل139

*to be  کان140

to take place, occur  حَدَث141

to exert   بَذل142

to apologize  إعتذ َر143

*to want   تَمنـَّی144

**to respond  رَدّ145

to do   عَمِل146

to accept   قـَبـِل147

to decline, refuse رَفـَض148

to lose   فـَقـَد149

to expose   کَشـَف150

to push, pay   دَفـَع151

to deal with a matter, to eat a meal  تـَناوَل152

to discover إکتـَشَف153

*to repeat  أعاد154

to supervise   راقـَب155

to encourage  شَجَّع156

to lie  کذب157

to prefer  فـَضَّـل158

to trust  وَثِق159

**to continue  إستمَرّ160

*to accept وافق 161

**to decrease  قـَلّ162

*to increase إزداد 163

to appear ظهَر 164

to save  أنقـَذ165

to pressure  ضَغـَط علی166

*to come جاء 167

to differ  إختـَلـَف168

**to doubt  شَكّ169

to understand  فـَهِم170

to serve  [ خَدَم171

*to describe  وَصَف172

**to think, believe  ظـنّ173

to wait   إنتـَظـَر174

to be late  تأخَّر175

to surprise  فاجأ176

to bother, harrass  أزعَج177

to calculate, assume    خَمَّن178

*to indicate  أشار إلی179

to include   شَمِل180

*to manage, direct     أدار181

to get closer   إقتـَرَب182

to accuse    إتـَّهَم183

to exceed     تـَجاوز184

to explain     شَرَح185

to define    حَدَّد186

to achieve, investigate     حَقـَّق187

to be exposed  إنکشَف188

to expect  توَقـَّع189

to carry out, execute  نـَفـَّذ190

to wonder, question oneself  تَساءَل191

*to stroll, walk around    تَمَشـَّی192

to succeed  نـَجَح193

to fail  فَشِل194

to commit a mistake, crime  إرتـَکـَب195

to honor   أکرَم196

to renew  جَدَّد197

to get angry  غَضِب198

to target إستـَهدف199

to be hesitant, to be spread (rumor)  تَرَدَّد200

to kill  قَتَل201

to wound  جَرِح 202

**to get ready  إستـَعَدّ203

to allow  204. سَمَح

to take  205. أخـَذ

to eat  206. أکـَل

to come, attend 207. حَضَر

to study 208. دَرَس

to mention 209. ذَکـَر

*to visit 210. زار

to live, reside 211. سَکـَن

to write 212. کـَتـَب

*to live 213. عاش

*to be absent 214. غاب

to spend the night, evening 215. سَهَر

to memorize 216. حَفِظ

to wear 217. لـَبـِس

to play 218. لـَعِب

to smoke 219. دَخـَّن

to change sth. 220. غَـيَّر

to help 221. ساعَد

to travel 222. سافـَر

to be late  223. تـَأخَّر

to be busy 224. إنشَغـَل

to meet, assemble 225. إجتـَمَع

to move to 226. إنتـَقـَل إلی

to rent 227. إستأجَر

to welcome  228. إستـَقبَل

to leave  229. تَرَك

to occupy 230. إحتـَلّ