91. The Relative Pronouns  ضَمائرَ الوصل

The Relative Pronouns  ضَمائرَ الوصل are used to introduce subordinate adjectival clauses and therefore create complex sentences. The choice of such pronouns depends on the antecedent's number and gender.

 الذي      is used for masculine singular.

     التي is used for feminine singular.

 اللواتي  is used for feminine plural.

  الذينَ   is used for masculine plural.

a. If the antecedent is part of the subject phrase, the relative clause is embedded inside the main sentence.

**الرَّجُلُالذي سألَ عَنها هُنا.**

***b.* If the antecedent is part of the object phrase/predicate, then the relative close follows the main sentence.**

**قابَلتُ الرَّجُلَ** الذي سألَ عَنها **.    **

c. If the antecedent is indefinite, you do not need to use a relative pronoun.

**قابَلتُ رَجَُلا ً** سألَ عَنها **.    **

d. Sometimes you will encounter a sentence with a relative pronoun and a        relative clause, in which the antecedent is absent, but still understood.

**الذي دَرَّسَني العَربيَّة َ اُستاذ ٌ مصريٌّ.**

Originally, this sentence is:

** (الأستاذ ُ) الذي دَرَّسَني العَربيَّة َ اُستاذ ٌ مصريٌّ.**