Chapter 5 : Chapter On the Qualities of the Scholars H 63, Ch. 5, H 1
Muhammad ibn Yahya al-'Attar from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn 'Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Mu'awiya ibn Wahab who has said the following. "Imam abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) has said.
"Seek knowledge and beautify it with forbearance and dignity. Be humble to your students and to those from whom you learn. Do not be a tyrant scholar lest your falsehood would destroy the truth in you."
H 64, Ch. 5, h 2
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn 'Isa from Yunus from Hammad ibn 'Uthman from al-Harith ibn Mughirah al-Nasri from abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious.
"Only God's knowledgeable servants fear Him . . ..", (35:28) that scholars are those whose deeds would testify to the truthfulness of their words, otherwise, they are not scholars.'"
H 65, Ch. 5, h 3
A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Barqi from 'Isma'il ibn Mihran from abu Sa'id al-Qammat from al-Halabi from abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following.
"Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Do you want me to describe to you the true Faqih, person who truly has a good understanding of religion? A true Faqih is one who does not cause people to despair from the mercy of Allah and does not make them to be unconcerned about the punishment of Allah, who does not allow them to consider disobedience to Allah as permissible and who doe not abandon the holy Quran because of being attracted towards other matters.
You must know that there is no goodness in knowledge without good understand (Fiqh). You must know that there is nothing good in a recitation without thinking about it.
You must know that there is nothing good in worship without thoughtfulness. In another Hadith it says, " You must know that there is nothing good in a knowledge without good understanding. You must know that there is nothing good in a recitation without thinking about it.
You must know that there is nothing good in worship without having a good understanding of religion. You must know that there is nothing good in performing the acts of Hajj etc. without piety.'"
H 66, Ch. 5, h 4
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn 'Isa and Muhammad ibn 'Ism'il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan al-Naysaburi, all from Safwan ibn Yahya from abu al- Hassan al-Rida (a.s.) who has said the following.
"Of the signs of Fiqh, good understanding of religion is forbearance and quietness."
H 67, Ch. 5, h 5
Ahmad ibn 'Abdallah from Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Barqi from certain persons of his people in a marfu' manner (rafa'ahu) from Amir al-Mu'minin Ali (a.s.) who has said the following.
"Foolishness and arrogance are not found in the hearts of the scholars."
H 68, Ch. 5, h 6
Through the same chain of narrators it is narrated from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Muhammad ibn Sinan in a marfu' manner (rafa'ahu ) from Jesus son of Mary who has said the following to his disciples.
"O disciples, I need your help so help me." They replied, "Your request is granted, O Spirit of God." Jesus then got up and washed their feet. To this the disciples said, "We were supposed to serve you O Spirit of God." Jesus then said, "Of the people who must serve others are the scholars.
I acted in this humble way so that you will act among people in the humble way I acted before you." Jesus then said, "With humbleness wisdom is established but not with arrogance. Just as plants grow in plain and soft grounds but not on the hard grounds and rocks."
H 69, Ch. 5, h 7
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn Ma'bad from the person whom he mentioned from Mu'awiya ibn Wahab from abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Imam Ali (a.s.), would often say, 'O seekers of knowledge, (note that) a scholar has three signs: Knowledge, forbearance and quietness.
An orator has three signs: He quarrels those higher then him through disobedience. He does injustice to those lower than him in position through domination and he becomes a supporter of the unjust.'"
Chapter 6 : Chapter on the Rights of the scholars H 70, Ch. 6, h 1
Ali ibn Muhammad ibn 'Abdallah has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Sulayman ibn Ja'far al-Ja'fari from the person who he mentioned from abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following.
"Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'One of the rights of a scholar is that one must not ask him a great many questions and must not hold to his garment (excessive questioning).
When one would enter in his presence while other people are there one should offer salutation to all of them and special greetings to the scholar only. One must sit before him and not behind him.
One must not blink his eyes before him or make hand gestures and must not speak much in his presence such as so and so said so and so opposite to what he says.
The length of his meeting must not disappoint one because the case of a scholar is like a fruit bearing tree in which case one needs to wait until three lets fruits to fall onto one. The reward for a scholar is greater than that for one who fasts and prays very often and those who fight for the cause of Allah.'"