Chapter 10 : Chapter On Prohibition On Attributing To Allah What He Himself Has Not Done So H 264, Ch. 10, H 1
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from al-'Abbass ibn Ma'ruf from ibn abu Najran from Hammad ibn 'Uthman from Abd al-Rahim ibn 'Utayk al-Qusayr who has said the following.
"I wrote through 'Abdal Malik ibn 'a'yan to Imam abu 'Abdallah (a.s.). "In Iraq there are people who attribute to Allah forms and lines. If you consider it proper, may Allah take my soul in your service, please write for me the correct belief in the issue of the Oneness of Allah."
The Imam wrote for me, "May Allah grant you blessings. You have asked about the Oneness of Allah and the belief of the group before you. Exalted is Allah, to Who nothing is similar. He is All-hearing and All-seeing.
Allah is above what certain people attribute to Him and analogize Him with His creatures and the lies of those who speak lies about Him. Note that the true doctrine in the Oneness of Allah is what is revealed in the Quran in about the attributes of Allah, the Almighty, the Exalted. Keep away from the belief in Allah, the Most High, all ideas that amount to ignoring His existence altogether and those that amount to analogizing Him with the creatures.
Neither should His existence be negated nor should He be considered similar to anything. He, Allah, the Most High exists. Exalted is He and far above what is falsely attributed to Him. Do not exceed the limits of the Quran lest you go astray after the clear presentation of Truth."
H 265, Ch. 10, h 2
Muhammad ibn Isma'il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu 'Umayr from Ibrahim ibn 'Abd al-Hamid from abu Hamzah who has said that Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn said to me, "O abu Hamzah, Allah cannot be defined by the created things.
Our Lord is far above being described through the attributes. How can the infinite be defined by the finite? ' No mortal eyes can see Him, but He can see all eyes. He is All-kind and All-aware.'" (6:103) H 266, Ch. 10, h 3
Muhammad ibn abu 'Abdallah has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isma'il from al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan from Bakr ibn Salih from al-Hassan ibn Sa'id from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al- Khazzaz and Muhammad ibn al-Husayn they both have said the following.
"We met Imam abu abu al-Hassan al-Rida (a.s.) and stated to him that Prophet Muhammad (s. a.) saw His Lord in the fashion of a full grown young man of thirty years and added that Hisham ibn Salim and Sahib al-Taq and al-Maythami say that He is hallow down to His navel and the rest is solid.
The Imam bowed down to a prostrating position and then said, '(O Lord), Glory belongs to you they have not recognized You nor have they acknowledged Your Oneness thus, they attribute to You such things.
(O Lord, Glory belongs to You, had they recognized You they would have attributed to You what you yourself have attributed to Yourself and they would not have considered You similar to things other than You. O Lord, I do not attribute to You anything other than what You have attributed to Yourself and do not consider You similar to Your creatures. To You belongs all good.
Do not place me among the unjust ones.' The Imam (a.s.) then turned to us saying, "Whatever you may imagine (make Wahm of) consider Allah some thing other than it." He continued, 'We, people of the family of the Prophet (s.a.), are the middle type and the criteria.
Those who exceed can not catch up with us and those who follow can not go ahead of us. O Muhammad, when the messenger of Allah looked at the greatness of his Lord he was of the type of people as fully grown up as thirty years old people.
O Muhammad, my Lord, the Majestic, the Glorious, is far greater than to be of the qualities of the creatures." The narrator has said that I said, "May the Lord take my soul for your service, who was the one with his feet in the green?" The Imam said, "He was Prophet Muhammad (s.a.) when looked at his Lord with his heart He placed him in the light like that of the Hujub so he can see what is inside the Hujub. Of the light of Allah some are green, red, white and others. O Muhammad whatever has confirmation in the book and the Sunnah we affirm it."
H 267, Ch. 10, h 4
Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Bashir al-Barqi who has said that 'Abbass ibn 'Amir al-Qasbani who has said that Harun ibn al-Juham from abu Hamza from Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) has reported the following. "Even if all those in heavens and earth would gather together to speak of the greatness of Allah they will not be able to do so."
H 268, Ch. 10, h 5
Sahl has narrated from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Hamdani who has said the following. "I wrote to the man (Imam abu al-Hassan the 3rd (a.s.) explaining, "Your followers in this city differ on the issue of the Oneness of Allah. Some of them say that Allah has a body, and others say that Allah has a form." The Imam replied in his own handwriting, "Glory belongs to Allah, Who can not be defined nor described. There is nothing similar to Him. He is Allhearing, All-knowing, or the Imam said All-seeing."
H 269, Ch. 10, h 6
Sahl has narrated from Muhammad ibn 'Isa from Ibrahim from Muhammad ibn Hakim who has said the following.
"Imam abu al-Hassan Musa ibn Ja'far (a.s.) wrote to my father, 'Allah is far High, Glorious and Great than that one can reach the essence of His attribute. Speak of only those of His attributes of which He Himself has spoken and refrain from attributes other than those ones.'"
H 270, Ch. 10, h 7
Sahl has narrated from al-Sindi ibn al-Rabi' from ibn abu 'Umayr from Hafs, brother of Marazim from al-Mufaddal who has said the "I asked Imam abu al-Hassan (a.s.) about certain matters of the attributes (of Allah) and the Imam said, "Do not exceed what is in the holy Quran."
H 271, Ch. 10, h 8
Sahl has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ali al-Qasani (the right name is Ali ibn Muhammad, one of the companions of Imam abu al-Hassan al-Hadi, the tenth Imam (a.s.) who has said the following.
"I wrote to the Imam explaining that people before us had differences on the issue of the Oneness of Allah." The Imam wrote, "Glory belongs to Allah, Who can not be defined nor described. There is nothing similar to Him. He is All-hearing, All-seeing."
H 272, Ch. 10, h 9
Sahl has narrated from Bishr ibn Bashshar al-Nayshaburi who has said the following.
"I wrote to the man (Imam) explaining that people before us had differences on the issue of the Oneness of Allah. There were people who said that Allah had a body, others said He had a form." The Imam wrote for me, "Glory belongs to Allah, Who can not be defined nor described. There is nothing similar to Him. He is All-hearing, All-seeing."
H 273, Ch. 10, h 10
Sahl has said that I wrote to abu Muhammad al-Hassan al-'Askari (a.s.) in 255 AH., "Our people (ashabuna) differ on the issue of the Oneness of Allah. There are those who say he has a body and others say He has a certain form. If you would consider to instruct me in this matter on which I would rely without excess it would be a great favor to your servant."
The Imam answered in his own handwriting, "You have asked about the Oneness of Allah. It is not your duty to find Allah's self. Allah is One, the Only One. He has no children and is not anyone's child. There nothing similar to Him. He is the Creator and is not created. He, the Most Holy, the Most High, creates whatever He wants of the bodies and non-bodies.
He is not a body or a certain form. He gives form to whatever He wills but Himself is not a form, Majestic is His praise and Holy are His names and is far above being similar to other things. Only He, and not others, is the One to Who no one is similar and He is all-hearing and Allseeing."
H 274, Ch. 10, h 11
Muhammad ibn Isma'il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Hammad ibn 'Isa from Rabi'i ibn 'Abdallah from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar, who has said the following.
"I heard Imam abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) saying, 'Allah cannot be defined. How can He be defined when He Himself has said in His book, "They have not respected Allah the way He truly should have been respected." (6:91) Therefore, He cannot be described in any way but that He is great and above that.'"
H 275, Ch. 10, h 12
Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and others from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from Ali ibn Ibrahim from 'Abdallah ibn Sinan from abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Allah is Great and High. People cannot describe Him nor can they reach the depth of His Greatness. ' No mortal eyes can see Him, but He can see all eyes. He is Allkind and All-aware.'" (6:103) He cannot be described by means of how and where.
How can I describe Him by means of any condition? He Himself has created the conditions and how and so it came into being. We came to know conditions because of His designing them for us. How can I describe Him by means of space? It is He, Who spaced the space so it became space. I, thus, came to know space by means of what He has made it into space.
How can I describe Him by means of positions when He Himself has given position to positions so it came into position. I, thus, came to know the position by means of what He has made to come into position. Allah, the Holy, the Most High, is in every place but is out of everything. ' No mortal eyes can see Him, but He can see all eyes. He is All-kind and All-aware.'" (6:103)
Chapter 11 : Chapter On Prohibition on Considering Allah as having Body (JISM) and Form (SURAH) H 276, Ch. 11, h 1
Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ali ibn abu Hamzah, who has said the following.
"I stated before abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) that I have heard Hisham ibn al-Hakam quoting you that Allah is a body of Self-subsisting nature and is from light. He can very clearly be recognized and He bestows such knowledge to whoever among His creatures He wills." The Imam said, "Glorious is He, Whom no one knows how He is except He Himself.
There is no one similar to Him and He is All-hearing, All-seeing. He cannot be limited, nor can He be felt or touched or moved. Eyes cannot see Him nor any of the senses can comprehend Him. He cannot be contained in anything, nor has He any body or form or figure or confine."
H 277, Ch. 11, h 2
Muhammad ibn al-Hassan has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Hamzah ibn Muhammad who has said the following.
"I wrote to Imam abu al-Hassan (al-Thalith 3rd (a.s.) asking about the body and form (of Allah). He wrote in reply, 'Glorious is He similar to Who there is nothing. He is not a body nor has He any form.'"
This Hadith has also been narrated by Muhammad ibn abu 'Abdallah without giving the name of the person (from whom he has heard).
H 278, Ch. 11, h 3
Muhammad ibn al-Hassan has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn Isma'il ibn Bazi' from Muhammad ibn Zayd who has said the following.
"I went to Imam al-Rida (a.s.) to ask about the Oneness of Allah (God). The Imam dictated to me thus, 'All praise belongs to Allah, Who is the originator of all things. He is the inventor of all things, an invention that came from His power and wisdom but not from a thing so it would invalidate the invention and not from a cause so it would invalidate the novelty.
He created whatever He wanted and howsoever He liked. He alone did all this to manifest His Wisdom and the truth of His Providence. Intelligence cannot comprehend Him, (Awham) imagination cannot reach Him, eyes cannot see Him and measurements cannot confine Him. The power of expression is unable to express Him in words.
All sights are exhausted from reaching Him and the power of describing and defining have gone astray in its description and definition of His-self. He is hidden without any veil and is concealed without any covering. He is known without being seen; described without any form, and praised without any body. There is no god, except Allah, the Great, the Most High.'"
H 279, Ch. 11, h 4
Muhammad ibn Abu 'Abdallah has narrated from those he mentioned from Ali ibn al-'Abbass from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn Hakim. He has said that I explained to abu Ibrahim (Musa al-Kazim (a.s.), the words of Hisham ibn Salim al-Jawaliqi and the words of Hisham ibn al-Hakam that say Allah is a body.
The Imam (a.s.) said, "Allah, the Most High, is not similar to any of the things. What can be more blasphemous and scandalous than to describe the Creator of all things by means of body, form, type of creation, limitations, limbs and organs. Allah, the Most High, the Great, is far above these things."
H 280, Ch. 11, h 5
Ali ibn Muhammad, in a marfu' manner, has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Faraj al- Rukhkhaji who has said the following.
"I wrote to Imam abu al-Hassan (a.s.), about the words of Hisham ibn al-Hakam, about the body and the words of Hisham ibn Salim about the form (of Allah). He wrote in reply, 'Remove from thyself the confusion of the confounded people and seek refuge from Allah against Shaytan (Satan). What the two Hishams have said is not correct.'"
H 281, Ch. 11, h 6
Muhammad ibn Abu 'Abdallah has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isma'il from al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan from Bakr ibn Salih from al-Hassan ibn Sa'id from 'Abdullah ibn al-Mughirah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad who has said the following.
"I heard Yunus ibn Zabyan saying, 'I went to meet abu 'Abdallah (a.s.), and said, "Hisham ibn al-Hakam has uttered monstrous words. I will briefly mention a few words. He thinks Allah has a body because things are of two types; (a) body and (b) the acts.
It is not possible for the Creator Himself to be just actions or functions. But it is possible to consider Him as the agent." Abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) then said, 'That is not proper from him. Does he not know that the body has limits and the form has limits and an end? Whatever is subject to limitations is also subject to increase and reduction and such things are created.'
I then asked, "What then I should say?" He replied, 'Allah is without body and form. He is the giver of body to all bodies and the giver of form to all forms. He can not be divided or limited. He does not grow or decrease.
If it were as they say, then there would have been no difference between the Creator and the created, the inventor and the invented. But He is the Creator and the inventor. He has made the distinction and differentiation between that to which He has given body, form and that which He has invented. This is because nothing is similar to Him nor He resembles anything.'"
H 282, Ch. 11, h 7
Muhammad ibn abu 'Abdallah has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isma'il from Ali ibn al-'Abbass from al-Hassan ibn 'Abd al-Rahman al-Hammani who has said the following.
"I said to abu al-Hassan Musa ibn Ja'far (a.s.), 'Hisham ibn al-Hakam claims that Allah is a body like unto Whom there is no one. He is All-knowing, All-hearing, All-seeing, Allpowerful.
He speaks and reasons. His word, His power, His knowledge are all in one. No one of them is created.'" The Imam said, "May Allah be his foe. Does he not know that the body is limited, and that the speech is other than what the speaker is? I seek refuge from Allah and I disclaim such words. Allah does not have a body, form or any kind of limitations. Allah has created everything. He creates things as and when He wills without any word or planing in the mind or utterance of the tongue."
H 283, Ch. 11, h 8
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn 'Iisa from Yunus from Muhammad ibn Hakim who has said the following.
"I mentioned to abu al-Hassan al-Awwal (the first) (a.s.), the statements of Hisham al- Jawaliqi and what he says about fully grown up young man (see Hadith 3 Chapter on prohibited Attributes). I also mentioned the statements of Hisham ibn al-Hakam in this matter." The Imam said, "Allah, certainly, is not similar to any thing."