Chapter 105 : the Whole Earth Belongs To the Imam (a.s.) H , Ch. 105, H 1
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn 'Isa from ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from abu Khalid al-Kabuli from abu Ja'far (a.s.) who has said the following. "We found in the book of Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) this. "The earth belongs to Allah and He gives it in inheritance to whoever of His servants that He wishes.
The good end is for those who are pious before Allah', I and my Ahl al-Bayt are the people to whom Allah has given the earth in inheritance and we are the ones who are pious before Allah. The whole earth belongs to us. Thus, whoever of the Muslims would revive a land, he must establish it, pay taxes to the Imam from my Ahl al-Bayt. Whatever he has used would be his.
If he would abandon or allow to become barren and another Muslim would revive and re establish it he will have more right to it than the one who have abandoned. This person will now pay the taxes to the Imam from my Ahl al-Bayt and whatever he would use thereafter is his until Al- Qa'im from my Ahl al-Bayt will rise with Divine Authority and with the sword.
He will control and protect them and will remove from them just as the Messenger of Allah had controlled and protected it, except, however, for what would be in the hands of our followers. He will form a contract with them and will leave the land to them."
H , Ch. 105, h 2
Muhammad ibn 'Abdallah from his narrator (one of the Imams (a.s.)) reported to me the following. "The world and all that is therein belong to Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, His Messenger and to us. If one would control a part of it he must maintain piety before Allah. He must pay the share of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, be generous to his brethren, otherwise, Allah, the Messenger of Allah and we will bear no responsibility torwards him."
H , Ch. 105, h 3
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from 'Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following. "I saw Masma' in Madina. In that year he had tried to deliver a certain amount of property to abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) that he returned to him. I asked him about the reason for the return..
The narrator has said that he said to me, "When I took the property to him I said, ' I had become the in charge of the pearls in Bahrayn and I have made four hundred thousand Dirham profit. I have brought eighty thousand Dinar as your share. I did not like to keep your share and disregard what Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has decreed to be for you in our properties."
Is there no more from earth and what Allah takes out of it besides one fifth for us, O abu Sayyar?" The whole earth belongs to us. Whatever Allah causes to come out therefrom it belongs to us." I then said, "I will bring all the property to you." He said, "O abu Sayyar, we have made it a gift for you and made it lawful for you. Take your property with you.
Whatever land is in the hands of our Shi'a it is lawful for them until Al-Qa'im will rise with Divine Authority. He will make an agreement with them about whatever land is in their hands and will give them permission to use. Whatever land is in the hands of others their earning from it is not lawful until Al-Qa'im will rise with Divine Authority.
He will take such lands away from them and will remove them humiliate 'Umar ibn Yazid has said, "Abu Sayyar said to me, ' I do not find anyone doing business oor those in charge of certain tasks who would earn their living lawfully except my self and those for whom they have made it lawful."
H , Ch. 105, h 4
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu 'Abdallah al-Razi from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn abu Hamza from his father from abu Basir who has said the following. "Once I asked abu 'Abdallah (a.s.), 'Is there any Zakat on Imam?'" He said, "O abu Muhammad, you have spoken an impossible word.
Do you not know that both this and the next world belong to the Imam? He can place them as he may want or give them to whoever he may want. It is permissible for him from Allah. The Imam said, O abu Muhammad, the Imam never spends a night without Allah's right on him for which He would not ask him."
H , Ch. 105, h 5
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from 'Abdallah ibn Ahmad from Ali ibn al-Ni'man from Salih ibn Hamza from Aban ibn Mus'ab from Yunus ibn Zabyan or al-Mu'alla ibn al-Khnith who has said the following.
"I asked abu 'Abdallah (a.s.), 'What is for you from this earth?" He smiled and then said, "Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, sent Jibril and commanded him to dig with his toe eight rivers on earth. Of these are the River Sayhan and Jayhan which is the River in Balkh (central Asia) the River al-Khshu' which is the River al-Shash, river Mihran which is India, River Nile in Egypt, Tigris and Euphrates. All that these rivers provide water or all that take water from them belong to us and whatever is for us is for our Shi'a.
There is nothing for our enemies except what they have usurped. Our friends and supporters in an place bigger than this and this, the sky and earth. The Imam (a.s.) then recited the words of Allah. "They are made for the believers in this world (but others have usurped it from them) and are exclusively for them in the life hereafter (no one would usurp from them)." (7:32)
H , Ch. 105, h 6
Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn 'Isa from Muhammad ibn al-Rayyan who has said the following. "I wrote to abu Muhammad, al- Hassan, al-'Askari (a.s.), May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, it is narrated to us that nothing else from this world belongs to the Messenger of Allah except one fifth of net income." The answer that came said, "Certainly, the world and all that is in it belong to the Messenger of Allah."
H , Ch. 105, h 7
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad who has narrated it in a marfu' manner from 'Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir from abu Ja'far (a.s.) who has said the following. "the Messenger of Allah has said, "Allah created Adam and granted the world to him. Whatever belonged to Adam belongs to the Messenger of Allah and whatever belonged to the Messenger of Allah it belongs to the Imams from Ahl al-Bayt of Muhammad (s.a)."
H , Ch. 105, h 8
Muhammad ibn 'Isma'il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Ali ibn Ibrahim from his father all from ibn abu 'Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtari from abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. "Jibril dug with his foot five rivers and the flank of water would follow his foot.
These rivers were, Euphrates, Tigris, Nile, Mihran and the River of Balkh. Whatever these rivers provide water or whatever that takes water from them are the property of the Imam. The ocean that has circled the land belongs to the (Imam).
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from al-Sarriy ibn al-Rabi' who has said the following. "Ibn abu 'Umayr would not consider anyone a match of Hisham ibn al-Hakam in anything. He would not miss meeting him. However, their relations at a time stood at a distance. The reason for this was the emrgence of diffirences between ibn abu 'Umayr and and abu Malik al-Hadrami, a friend of Hisham, over the issue of Imamat.
Ibn abu 'Umayr had said that the whole world belongs to the Imam in the form of property and ownership and that he has more authority over it than those who have certain parts of it in their possession. Abu Malik had said that it is not as such. The peoples properties belong to them except what Allah has given to the Imam in the form of windfall profits and one fifth taxes or interests.
Such properties belong to the Imam and Allah has instructed him how to spent them and what to do with them. They agreed to ask Hisham to settle the differences. They went to Hisham but he supported the idea of abu Malik. Ibn abu 'Umayr became angry and distanced himself from Hisham thereafter."
Chapter 106 : Manners of the Imams in the Matters of Food and Clothes as Leaders with Divine Authority H , Ch. 106, h 1
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn 'Isa from ibn Mahbub from Hammad from Humayd and Jabir al-'Abdi who has said the following. "Amir al- Mu'minin (a.s.) has said, 'Allah has appointed me the Imam for His creation, Therefore, He made it obligatory for me to discipline myself in the matters of food, drinks and clothes to the level of the very weak ones of the people so that the poor follow my poverty and the rich would not become rebellious because of his riches.'"
H , Ch. 106, h 2
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu 'Umayr from Hammad ibn 'Uthman from Mu'alla ibn Khunays who has said the following. "One day I said to abu 'Abdallah (a. s.), may Allah take my soul in service for your cause, I thought of the descendants of so and so ('Abbasside) and the wealth they have at their disposal.
Then I wished that had such wealth been at your disposal we would have lived with you prosperously." The Imam (a.s.) said, "Never O Mu'alla, by Allah, had it been as you wished, there would have been nothing but hard labor of protections at nights and strenuous work during the days, coarse garments and tasteless food. Thus, it is kept away from us. Have you ever seen a usurpation that Allah, the Most High, would cause to become a blessing except this?"
H , Ch. 106, h 3
Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad and A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and others through different chains of narrators. The Hadith is about the protest of Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) against 'Asim ibn Ziyad who had confined himself in a gown away from the people. His brother, al-Rabi' ibn Ziyad complained before Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) complained that his 'Asim's family had become depressed and his sons had been sadden because of his behavior.
Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) had summoned 'Asim ibn Ziyad and was brought before him. When Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) saw him he frowned at him and said, "Why did you not feel ashamed before your wife? Why did you not show kindness to your sons? Do you think Allah had made good things lawful to and then He would dislike if you would use them? You are less significant to Allah than such a thing.
Is it not Allah Who has said, "He spread out the earth for the people (55:10). There exists all kinds of fruits, palm-trees with sheathed blossoms, (55:11) grain with its husk and aromatic herbs (55:12).
Is it not Allah Who has said, "He has made the two oceans meet each other, (55:19) but has created a barrier between them so that they will not merge totally (55:20). (Jinn and mankind) - which of the favors of your Lord do you then deny? (55:21).
From the two oceans comes pearls and coral." (55:22) I swear by Allah, the use of the bounties of Allah in deeds is more preferred to Him than then using in words. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, has said, ". . and proclaim the bounties of your Lord." (93:11) 'Asim said, "O Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.),
"Why have you confined yourself to tasteless food and harsh garments?" He said, "How inconsiderate of you! Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, has made obligatory for the Imams of justice to measure themselves with the people of lowest standard of living so that the poors' poverty would plunge him in despair." 'Asim then abandoned the gown and begun to live an normal life."
H , Ch. 106, h 4
A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Barqi from his fatherfm Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Khazzaz from Hammad ibn 'Uthman who has said the following. "I was in the presence of abu 'Abdallah (a.s.) that a man said to him, "May Allah grant you well being, you have mentioned that Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) would wear harsh garments.
He would buy a shirt worth four Dirhams only and so on. However, we see that you have new garments." The Imam (a.s.) said, "Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) would do so at a time when people would dislike it.
Wearing such garments to day would have defamed him. The best garment for a given time is the garment that people of that time would use. However, when our Al- Qa'im will rise with Divine Authority, he will wear the kind of garment that Ali (a.s.) did and he will live just as Ali (a.s.) lived."