Supplement 6

(96) وروى الحسن بن موسى الخشّاب، عن غياث بن كلوب، عن إسحاق بن عمّار، عن الصادق، عن آبائه عليهم السلام: أنَّ عليّاً عليه السلام كان يقول: ما من أحد ابتلى وإن عظمت بلواه أحقّ بالدعاء من المعافى الّذي لا يؤمن البلاء. (97) وروى عليّ بن مهزيار، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن الحرث بن محمد بن النعمان الأحول صاحب الطاق، عن جميل بن صالح، عن أبي عبد الله الصادق، عن آبائه عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وآله: من أحبَّ أن يكون أكرم الناس فليتّق الله، ومن أحب أن يكون أتقى الناس فليتوكّل على الله.

(96) Al-Hasan bin Musa al-Khashab narrated from Ghiyath bin Kalub from Ishaq bin Ammar that As-Sadiq (a) related on the authority of his fathers that Imam Ali (a) used to say:

The afflicted people -no matter how intense their afflictions are- are not worthier of praying to Allah than those who live peacefully but they do not know when an affliction will befall them.125

(97) Ali bin Mahzyar narrated from al-Hussein bin Saeed from al-Harth bin Mohammed bin Annuman al-Ahwal (Sahib ut-Taq) from Jamil bin Salih that Abu Abdullah As-Sadiq (a) related on the authority of his fathers that the Prophet (s) said: He who wants to be the most generous should fear Allah. He who wants to be the most God-fearing should depend upon Allah.

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  1. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:399 H.5857, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 265 H.5, Tanbih ul-Khawattir; 2:166, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq; 217, Oddat ud-Da'ee; 16, Rawdhat ul-Wa'idheen; 327, Bihar ul-Anwar; 93:380 H.2.

ومن أحب أن يكون أغنى الناس فليكن بما عند الله عزّ وجلّ أوثق منه بما في يده. ثمّ قال صلّى الله عليه وآله: ألا انبّئكم بشرّ من هذا؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله. قال: من أبغض الناس وأبغضه الناس. ثمّ قال: ألا اُنبّئكم بشرٍّ من هذا؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله. قال: الذي لا يقيل عثرة، ولا يقبل معذرة، ولا يغفر ذنباً. ثمّ قال: ألا انبّئكم بشرّ من هذا؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله.

He who wants to be the wealthiest of people should trust in what is in Allah's hand more than what is in his own hand. May I inform of the evilest people?

The attendants said: "Yes, you may, Allah's Messenger." He (s) said:

The evilest people are those who hate people and people hate them. May I inform you of the people that are eviler than the previous? The attendants said: "Yes, you may, Allah's Messenger." He (s) said:

The people that are eviler than the previous are those who do not pardon others, do not accept any excuse, and do not forgive. May I inform you of the people that are eviler than the previous? The attendants said: "Yes, you may, Allah's Messenger." He (s) said:

قال: مَن لا يؤمن شرّه ولا يرجى خيره. إنَّ عيسى بن مريم عليه السلام مرَّ في بني إسرائيل فقال: يا بني إسرائيل، لا تحدّثوا بالحكمة الجهّال فتظلموها، ولا تمنعوها أهلها فتظلموهم، ولا تعينوا الظالم على ظلمه فيبطل فضلكم. الاُمور ثلاثة: أمر بيّن لك رشده فاتّبعه، وأمر بيّن لك غيّه فاجتنبه، وأمر اختلف فيه فردّه إلى الله عزّ وجلّ. (98) روى الحسن بن عليّ بن فضّال، عن الحسن بن الجهم، عن الفضيل بن يسار، قال: قال الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام: ما ضعف بدن عمّا قويت عليه النيّة.

The people that are eviler than the previous are those whose favor is not expected and whose evil is not secured.

Once, Jesus (a) orated before the Israelites. He said: O children of Israel, do not speak words of wisdom before the ignorant so that you will not wrong these words. Do not prevent the wise people from receiving the wisdom; lest, you will wrong those people. Do not help the unjust ones otherwise, your favors will be null. Matters must be one of three: a clearly right matter that you should follow, a clearly wrong matter that you should avoid, or a confused matter that you should commend to Allah."126

(98) Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Faddhal narrated from al-Hasan bin al-Juhm from al-Fudhayl bin Yessar that Ja'far bin Mohammed As-Sadiq (a) said: If the intention is powerful (to do any matter), the body will not be weak.127

____________

  1. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:400 H.5858, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 305 H.11, Me'aani al-Akhbar; 196 H.2, Tanbih ul-Khawattir; 1:222, Tuhaf ul-Uqoul; 27, Rawdhat ul-Wa'idheen; 426, Ibn Abi al-Hadid's Sharhu Nahj ul-Balagha; 19:216, Ghurar ul-Hikam wa Durar ul-Kelim; 89 H.1507, Bihar ul-Anwar; 71:138 H.2, 72:203 H.1, 73:177 H.20 and 77:126 H.30.

  2. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:400 H.5859, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 27 H.6, Bihar ul-Anwar; 70:25 H.14.

(99) وروى الحسن بن فضّال، عن غالب بن عثمان، عن شعيب العقرقوفي، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام قال: مَن ملك نفسه إذا رغب وإذا رهب، وإذا اشتهى وإذا غضب، فإذا رضي حرّم الله جسده على النّار.

(100) وسئل الصادق عليه السلام عن الزّاهد في الدنيا قال: الّذي يترك حلالها مخافة حسابه، ويترك حرامها مخافة عذابه. (101) وروى محمد بن سنان، عن عبد الله بن مسكان، عن أبي عبد الله الصادق عليه السلام قال: إنّ أحقّ النّاس بأن يتمنّى للناس الغنى البخلاء لأنّ الناس إذا استغنوا كفّوا عن أموالهم.,

(99) Al-Hasan bin Faddhal narrated from Ghalib bin Othman from Shuaib al-Aqarqoufi that Ja'far bin Mohammed as-Sadiq (a) said:

As for those who possess themselves in situations of desire, fear, appetite, and rage until they feel pleased, Allah will prevent the fire (of Hell) from consuming their bodies.128

(100) As he was asked about the abstinent in this world, Imam As-Sadiq (a) answered: The true abstinent is he who neglects the legal matters out of fear of the judgment (of it) and neglects the illegal matters out of fear of the torture (of it).

(101) Mohammed bin Sinan narrated from Abdullah bin Meskan that Abu Abdullah As-Sadiq (a) said:

The misers should be the worthiest of hoping for richness to people, because people will not ask from them if they become rich.

____________

  1. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:400 H.5859, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 270 H.6, Thawab ul-A'maal; 159, al-Qummi's Tafsir; 2:277, Jami ul-Akhbar; 180, Rawdhat ul-Wa'idheen; 380, Mishkat ul-Anwar; 247-307, Bihar ul-Anwar; 71:395 H.7.

وإنَّ أحقّ النّاس بأن يتمنّى للناس الصلاح أهل العيوب، لأن النّاس إذا صلحوا كفّوا عن تتبّع عيوبهم، وأنَّ أحقّ الناس بأن يتمنّى للنّاس الحلم أهل السفه الّذين يحتاجون أن يعفى عن سفههم. فأصبح أهل البخل يتمنّون فقر النّاس، أصبح أهل العيوب يتمنّون معايب الناس وأصبح أهل السفه يتمنّون سفه النّاس، وفي الفقر الحاجة إلى البخيل، وفي الفساد طلب عورة أهل العيوب، وفي السّفه المكافاة بالذنوب. (102) وروي عن أبي هاشم الجعفري أنّه قال: أصابتني ضيقة شديدة فصرت إلى أبي الحسن عليّ بن محمد فاستأذنت عليه فأذن لي، فلّما جلست قال: يا أبا هاشم، أي نِعم الله عليك تريد أن تؤدّي شكرها؟ قال أبو هاشم: فوجمت فلم أدر ما أقول له.

The faulty people should be the worthiest of hoping for perfection to people, because people will not inspect their defects when they are perfect. The foolish should be the worthiest of hoping for clemency to people, because they need for being treated clemently. Unfortunately, the misers, now, hope for poverty to people, the faulty hope for defects to people, and the foolish hope for foolishness to people. In fact, poverty requires stinginess, faultiness requires inspecting people's defects, and foolishness requires the commitment of sins.129

(102) Abu Hashim al-Ja'fari related: I went to Abu al-Hasan Ali bin Mohammed (Imam al-Jawad) (a) after I had been inflicted by harsh poverty. When he permitted me and I sat before him, he (a) said: "O Abu Hashim, which one of Allah's graces do you want to thank?" I could say no single word after I heard this statement.

____________ 129. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:400 H.5862, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 3870 H.2, al-Khissal; 152 H.188, Tanbih ul-Khawattir; 2:149, Bihar ul-Anwar; 73:300 H.5 and 78:91 H.3.

فابتدأني عليه السلام فقال: إنّ الله عزّ وجلّ رزقك الإيمان فحرّم به بدنك على النّار ورزقك العافية فأعانك على الطاعة، ورزقك القنوع فصانك عن التبذّل. يا أبا هاشم، إنّما ابتدأتك بهذا لأنّي ظننت أنّك تريد أن تشكو لي مَن فعل بك هذا، قد أمرت لك بمائة دينار فخذها. (103) وروى محمد بن سنان، عن طلحة بن زيد قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله الصادق عليه السلام يقول: العامل على غير بصيرة كالسائر على غير الطريق فلا تزيده سرعة السير من الطريق إلاّ بُعداً. (104) وقال الصادق عليه السلام: النوم راحة للجسد، والنطق راحة للرّوح، والسكوت راحة للعقل.

He (a) then added: "Allah, Powerful and Majestic is He, has bestowed upon you with faith due to which He will prevent your body from being in Hell, bestowed upon you with good health to help you obey Him, and bestowed upon you with satisfaction to protect you from degradation. O Abu Hashim, I have said this to you initially because I understood that you would complain to me about your current poverty; hence, I will give you one hundred dinars."130

(103) Mohammed bin Sinan narrated from Talha bin Zaid that Abu Abdullah as-Sadiq (a) said: He who acts indeliberately is as same as him who takes a wrong way; the hastier he is the remoter from his purpose be.131

(104) Imam as-Sadiq (a) said: Sleep is the rest of the body, speaking is the rest of the soul, and silence is the rest of the mind.132

____________ 130. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:401 H.5863, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 412 H.11, Bihar ul-Anwar; 5:129 H.7. 131. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:401 H.5864. 132. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:402 H.5865.

(105) وروى محمد بن سنان، عن المفضّل بن عمر قال: قال الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام: من لم يكن له واعظٌ من قلبه وزاجر من نفسه، ولم يكن له قرين مرشد استمكن عدوّه من عنقه.

(106) وروى جعفر بن محمد بن مالك الفزاريّ الكوفيّ قال: حدّثنا جعفر بن محمد بن سهل، عن سعيد بن محمد، عن مسعدة قال: قال لي أبو الحسن موسى بن جعفر عليهما السلام: إنَّ عيال الرجل اُسراؤه، فمن أنعم الله عليه نعمة فليوسّع على اُسرائه، فإن لم يفعل أوشك أن تزول تلك النعمة.

(107) وروى صفوان بن يحيى، عن أبي الصباح الكناني قال: قلت للصادق جعفر بن محمّد عليهما السلام: أخبرني عن هذا القول قول من هو؟

(105) Mohammed bin Sinan narrated from Al-Mufaddhal bin Omar that Ja'far bin Mohammed as-Sadiq (a) said: As for anyone who lacks heart-preaching, self-reproving, and a guide friend, his enemy will surely control him.133

(106) Ja'far bin Mohammed bin Malik al-Fazari al-Kufi (of Kufa) narrated from Ja'far bin Mohammed bin Sahl from Saeed bin Mohammed from Mas'ada that Abu al-Hasan Musa bin Ja'far (Imam al-Kadhim) said to him:

Man's dependants are his prisoners. Anyone upon whom Allah confers with graces should be generous towards his prisoners. If he does not, he will soon be deprived of these graces.134

(107) Safwan bin Yahya narrated that Abu as-Sabah al-Kinani said: I asked Ja'far bin Mohammed as-Sadiq (a) to name the sayer of the following preach:

____________

  1. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:402 H.5866.

  2. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:402 H.5867.

"أسأل الله الايمان والتقوى، وأعوذ بالله من شر عاقبة الاُمور، إنَّ أشرف الحديث ذكر الله تعالى، ورأس الحكمة طاعته، وأصدق القول وابلغ الموعظة وأحسن القصص كتاب الله. وأوثق العرى الإيمان بالله وخير الملل ملّة إبراهيم عليه السلام، وأحسن السنن سنّة الأنبياء، وأحسن الهدى هدى محمّد، وخير الزَّاد التقوى، وخير العلم ما نفع، وخير الهدى ما اُتّبع، وخير الغنى غنى النفس، وخير ما اُلقي في القلب اليقين، وزينة الحديث الصدق، وزينة العلم الإحسان، وأشرف الموت قتل الشهادة، وخير الاُمور خيرها عاقبة، وما قلَّ وكفى خيرٌ ممّا كثر وألهى، والشقيُّ من شقي في بطن اُمّه.

"I implore to Allah to grant me faith and piety. I seek His guard against the bad results. The best saying is the mention of Allah, Exalted is He. The head of wisdom is the obedience to Him. The most truthful, the most effective preach, and the best storyteller is the Book of Allah. The firmest handle is the believing in Allah. The best creed is the creed of Abraham (a). The best norm is the norm of the prophets. The best guidance is the guidance of Mohammed (s). The best supplies is God-fearing. The best knowledge is the most advantageous. The best guidance is the pursued guidance.

The best richness is the self-sufficiency. The best thing that is thrown in the heart is the conviction. The embellishment of speaking is truthfulness. The embellishment of knowledge is benevolence. The best death is martyrdom. The best matters are these whose results are good. The sufficient fewness is better than the diverting muchness. The true unhappy is that who was unhappy since he was in his mother's womb.

والسعيد من وعظ بغيره، وأكيس الكيس التقي، وأحمق الحمق الفجور، وشرّ الروايا روايا الكذب. وشرّ الاُمور محدثاتها، وشرّ العمى عمى القلب. وشرّ الندامة ندامة يوم القيامة، وأعظم المخطئين عند الله عزّ وجلّ لسان الكذَّاب، وشرّ الكسب كسب الرِّبا. وشرّ المآكل أكل مال اليتيم ظلماً، وأحسن زينة الرَّجل السكينة مع الإيمان، ومن تتبّع المَشمَعة يُشَمّع الله به، ومن يعرف البلاء يصبر عليه، ومن لا يعرفه ينكره، والرَّيب كفر، ومن يستكبر يضعه الله، ومن يطع الشيطان يعص الله، ومن يعص الله يعذِّبه الله، ومن يشكره يزده الله.

The true happy is he who learns lessons from others. The wittiest people are the God-fearing. The most foolish thing is libertinism. The evilest intentions are the false intentions. The evilest matters135 are the most recently invented ones. The worst blindness is the heart blindness. The worst regret is the regret on the Day of Resurrection. The worst sinful thing in the sight of Allah is the tongue of the liars. The worst gain is the gain of usury. The worst consuming is the wrong consuming of the orphan's wealth. The best embellishment of a man is tranquility with faith.

As for those who pursue mocking at people, Allah will make them the subject of people's mocking. He who identifies the misfortunes136 will stand them. Likewise, those who do not identify the misfortunes will not stand them. Suspect is disbelief. The arrogant will be humiliated by Allah. He who complies with the Shaitan will disobey Allah, and Allah will torment him who disobeys Him. Allah, likewise, will increase (His graces to) those who thank Him.

____________ 135. 'Matters', in this regard, stands for every new heresy that is added to the religion.

  1. To identify a misfortune means to believe in the compensation that will be gained due to suffering it or to know that the source of misfortunes is God the Exalted Who offers only the good.

ومن يصبر على الرزَّيّة يغنيه الله، ومن يتوكّل على الله فحسبه الله، ومن يتوكّل على الله يؤجره الله، لا تسخطوا الله برضا أحد من خلقه، ولا تتقرَّبوا إلى أحد من الخلق بتباعد من الله، فإنَّ الله عزَّ وجلَّ ليس بينه وبين أحد من الخلق شيءٌ فيعطيه به خيراً أو يصرف به عنه سوءاً إلاّ بطاعته وابتغاء مرضاته، إنَّ طاعة الله تبارك وتعالى نجاح كلِّ خير يبتغى ونجاة من كلِّ شرٍّ يتّقى. وإنَّ الله عزَّ وجلَّ يعصم من أطاعه، ولا يعتصم منه من عصاه، ولا يجد الهارب من الله مهرباً فإنَّ أمر الله تعالى ذكره نازل باذلاله ولو كره الخلائق، وكلّما هو آت قريب. ما شاء الله كان، وما لم يشأ لم يكن.

Allah will help him who behaves steadfastly against misfortunes. Allah is Sufficient for the needs of whoever trusts in Him. Allah will reward them who depend upon Him. Do not enrage Allah for the purpose of seeking the favors of any of His creatures. Do not curry favors with anybody through means that take you away from Allah.

Allah accepts no means other than the obedience to Him and the seeking of His satisfaction through which He confers a good matter or saves from an evil. The obedience to Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, is the prosperity of all of the expected welfares and the salvation from all of the dangerous evils. Allah will surely guard whoever obeys Him. As for those who disobey Allah, they will never find any shelter against Him nor can any fugitive be saved against Him since the act of Him will befall and humiliate that fugitive whether the creatures are pleased or not. Everything that will be inevitably falling is imminent. Only will that which Allah wants occur, and that which He does not want will never occur.

تعاونوا على البرِّ والتقوى ولا تعانوا على الإثم والعدوان واتّقوا الله إنّ الله شديد العقاب". فقال الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام: هذا قول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله.

(108) وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: قال الله جلّ جلاله: أيّما عبد أطاعني لم أكله إلى غيري، وأيّما عبد عصاني وكلته الى نفسه ثمَّ لم اُبال في أيّ واد هلك.

(109) وروى محمد بن أبي عمير، عن عيسى الفرّاء، عن عبد الله بن أبي يعفور قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: قال أبو جعفر الباقر عليه السلام: من كان ظاهره أرجح من باطنه خفّ ميزانه.

Help each other in fields of piety and God-fearing, not sin and aggression, and fear Allah, for He is tense in punishment." Ja'far bin Mohammed as-Sadiq (a) said: This saying is the Prophet's.137

(108) The Prophet (s) said: Allah, Exalted is He, says: For the servants who obey Me, I will not commend their affairs to anyone other than Me. For those who disobey Me, I will commend their affair to themselves and I will not care where they will perish.138

(109) Mohammed bin Abi Umair narrated from Easa al-Ferra from Abdullah bin Abi Yafur from Abu Abdullah (a) that Abu Ja'far al-Baqir (a) said: As for those whose appearances are preferable to their realities, their good deeds will be light139 (on the scale of the Day of Resurrection).140

____________

  1. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:402 H.5868.

  2. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:403 H.5869, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 489 H.2, Jami' ul-Akhbar; 100, Mishkat ul-Anwar; 75, Rawdhat ul-Wa'idheen; 420, Bihar ul-Anwar; 71:178 H.22.

  3. This is an indication to God's saying: Those whose good deeds will weigh heavier (on the scale) will live a pleasant life, but those whose good deeds will be lighter (on the scale) will have hawiyah as their dwelling. Would that you knew what hawiyah is. It is a burning Fire. (101:8-11).

  4. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:404 H.5870, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 492 H.8, Irshad ul-Quloub; 188, Tuhaf ul-Uqoul; 294, Mishkat ul-Anwar; 321, Bihar ul-Anwar; 71:365 H.9, 78:173 H.5 and 78:188 H.38.

(110) وقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: قال الله جلّ جلاله: إذا عصاني من خلقي من يعرفني سلّطت عليه من خلقي من لا يعرفني.

(111) وروى ابن أبي عمير، عن إسحاق بن عمّار قال: قال الصادق عليه السلام: يا إسحاق صانع المنافق بلسانك، واخلص ودّك للمؤمن، وإن جالسك يهودي فاحسن مجالسته.

(112) وروى المفضّل بن عمر، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام، عن أبيه، عن جدّه عليهم السلام قال: قيل للحسين بن عليّ عليه السلام: كيف أصبحت يا بن رسول الله؟ قال: أصبحت ولي ربّ فوقي والنار أمامي، والموت يطلبني والحساب محدّق بي، وأنا مرتهن بعملي.

(110) The Prophet (s) said: Allah, Exalted is He, says: If anyone of my creatures, who acknowledges Me, disobeys Me, I will subjugate him to the absolute control of one of my creatures that does not acknowledge Me.141

(111) Ibn Abi Umair narrated from Ishaq bin Ammar that Imam as-Sadiq (a) said to him: O Ishaq, use kind words with the hypocrite, love the faithful believer sincerely, and regard your association with (even) the Jew who sits with you.142

(112) Al-Mufaddhal bin Omar narrated that Ja'far bin Mohammed as-Sadiq (a) related the following on the authority of his fathers: Al-Hussein bin Ali was asked, "How is your morning, son of Allah's Messenger?" He answered: I begin this day while my Lord is higher than I am, fire (of Hell) is in front of me, death is pursuing me, the Judgment is waylaying me, and I am subject to my deeds.

____________ 141. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:404 H.5871, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 229 H.12, Irshad ul-Quloub; 83, Rawdhat ul-Wa'idheen; 419, Bihar ul-Anwar; 73:343 H.27 and 73:347 H.35.

  1. Refer to Men La Yahdhuruh ul-Faqih; 4:404 H.5872, As-Saduq's al-Amali; 628 H.8, Alikhtisas; 230, A'lam ud-Din; 301, Az-Zuhd; 22, Mishkat ul-Anwar; 82, Rawdhat ul-Wa'idheen; 371, Bihar ul-Anwar; 72:152 H.11, 72:161 H.22, 78:172 H.5, and 78:188 H.42.