THE TWELFTH INFALLIBLE: TENTH IMAM HAZRAT HADI (A.S) AND HIS FORTY DISCOURSES

THE TWELFTH INFALLIBLE HAZRAT IMAM ALl NAQI HADI(A.S)

Name: ALI(A.S)

Renouned Titles: HADI, NAQI(A.S)

Sub Title: ABUL HASSAN (THE THIRD)

Father & Mother: IMAM JAWAD(A.S)SAMANA(S.W.A)

Time & Place of Birth: 15th of Zilhajah, 212 Hijrah at Medina

Time & Place of Martyrdom: .3rd of Rajab, 254 Hijrah, at the age of 24 year in the city of samara poisoned to martydom by the conspiracy of Motaiz the 1.3 th caliph of Bani Abbasade.

Tomb: Samera, IRAQ.

Duration of life three parts.

  1. Eight years pre .Imamate from 212 to 220 Hijrah.

  2. Duration of Imamate: 12 Years before the reign of Motawakil from 220 to 2.3.3 Hijrah.

.3. Duration of Imamate in most difficult &' Hardest conditions, 14 years of it being coincident with the dictator ship period of Motawakil (The Tenth Abbasade Caliph &' Then The caliphs afterwards.

اربعون حديثاً عن الامام علي النقي عليه السلام ---------------------------------------------

1- مَن هانَت عَلَيهِ نَفسُهُ فَلا تَأمَن شَرَّه. (تحف العقول ص483)

2- ألدُّنيا سُوقٌ، رَبِحَ فيها قَومٌ وَخَسِرَ آخَروُنَ. (تحف العقول ص483)

3- مَن رَضِيَ عَن نَفسِهِ کَثُرَ  السّاخِطُونَ عَلَيهِ. (بخارالانوار ج78 ص369) (الانوار البهية ص143)

4- ألفَقرُ شرَّة النَّفسِ وَشِدَّةُ القُنُوطِ. (بحارالانوارج78 ص368)

5- خَيرٌ مِنَ الخَيرِ فاعِلُهُ وَ أجمَلُ مِنَ الجَميلِ قائِلُهُ وَأَرجَحُ مِنَ العِلمِ حامِلُهُ، وَشَرُّ مِنَ الشَّرِّ جالِبُهُ وَاَهوَلُ مِنَ الهَولِ راکِبُهُ. (اعيان الشيعة ج2 (الطبع الجديد)ص39)

FORTY DISCOURSES FROM IMAM ALI NAQI (A.S)

  1. There is no security from the evil of the one who is disregarded &. humiliated in his own eyes. (TUHFUL AQOOL P 483)

  2. The world is a market, a community reaps benefit in it &. there is an other one which faces loss. (BIHAR UL ANWAR. VOL 78, P 368)

  3. The one who is pleased with himself: (his own state &. condition) those displeased &. angry with him shall get abundent in number.  (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78. P 368)

  4. Poverty &. adversity is the cause of getting the soul's rebel ion &. revolt &. the gravity of dismay.  (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78, P 368)

  5. Better than the good deed is the one who performs it. And more beauiful than the beauty (of speech) is the sayer of it (decent words). And superior to the knowledge is it's bearer. &. carier. And worse than the evil is it's attracter. And more horrible than the horror is the one who rides it. (AYAN U SHIA VOL 2 (modem print) P 39)

6- إِنَّ اللهَ لا يَوصَفَ  إِلاّ بِما وَصَفَ بِهِ نَفسَهُ، وَأَنّی يُوصَفُ الَّذِي تَعجِزُ الحَواسُّ أَن تُدرِکَهُ، وَالأَهامُ أَن تَنالَهُ،وَالخَطَراتُ أَن تَحُدَّهُ،وَالأَبصارُ عَنِ الإحاطَةِ بِهِ. (تحف العقول ص482)

7- فَمَن زَعَمَ أَنَّهُ مُجبَرٌ عَلَی المَعاصِي فَقَد أَحالَ بِذَنبِهِ عَلَی اللهِ  وَقَد ظَلَّمَهُ في عُقُوبَتِهِ. (تحف العقول ص461)

8- إِنَّ لِلّهِ بِقاعاً يُحِبُّ أَن يُدعا فيها فَيَستَجيبَ لِمَن دَعاهُ وَالحيرُ مِنها. (تحف العقول ص482)

9- إِذا کانَ زَمانٌ العَدلُ فيهِ أَغلَبُ مِنَ الجُورِ،فَحَرامٌ أَن يَظُنَّ أَحَدٌ بِأَحَدٍ سُوءً حَتّی يَعلَمَ ذلِکَ مِنهُ،وَإِذا کانَ زَمانٌ الجَورُ اَغلَبُ فيهِ مِنَ العَدلِ فَلَيسَ لأَِحَدٍ أَن يَظُنَّ بِأَحَدٍ خَيراً ما لَم يَعلَم ذلِکَ مِنهُ. (اعيان الشيعةج2(طبع الجديد)ص39)

10- ...فَمَن ماتَ عَلی طَلَبِ الحَقِّ وَلَم يُدرِک کَما لَهُ فَهوَ عَلی خَيرٍ وَذلِکَ قَولهُ:«وَ مَن يَخرُج مِن بَيتِهِ مُهاجِراً إِلَی اللهِ وَرَسولِهِ الآية. (تحف العقول ص472)

11- مَنِ اتَّقَی اللهَ يُتَّقَ وَمَن اَطاعَ اللهَ يُطَع. (تحف العقول ص482)

  1. Allah can not be defined &: described except with what He has defined himself. And how can that one (Allah) be defined wits are unable from the perception of who me &: the imagination &: fancy are short of finding him. And the memories of mind are unable to encompass him &: the eyes &: vision is unable to sight &: sumound him. And lack (the stength of) limiting & encompassing him. And the eyes are short of strength & weak from seeing & bounding him. (TUHruL AQOOL P 82)

  2. The one who thinks he is obliged to commit sin has attributed the responsibilty of his sin towards Allah &. has accused Him of cruelity &. excess upon His servants. (TUHruL AQOOL P 482).

  3. Allah has lands upon earth He loves it that he is prayed &. supplicated in those lands &. whosoever prays &. supplicates over there He grants it. (The Hayer of Imam Hussain(A.S) is one of those). (TUHruL AQOOL P 482).

  4. Whenever a time comes that the justice overwhelms &. over comes cruelity it is prohibited to form negative bad conjecture &. opinion about anyone except when one knows it about him. And whenever a time comes that the cruelity &. oppression over whelms the (qantum of) justice then one must not have good opinion about the beneficience of a person till such time he knows it (for sure). (AYAN U SHIA VOL 2, P 39 Modem Print)

  5. The person who meets death on the way towards seeking the right, &. does not reach it, is upon beneficience. And this is the word of Allah where in he says.

«ومن يخرج من بيته مهاجراًال الله و رسوله الاية»

'The one who comes out of his house as a migrant towards Allah &. His prophet then the death finds him (on that way) his reward is upon Allah.' (TUHruL AQOOL P 472)

  1. Who soever has the fear of Allah, people fear him &: the one who obeys Allah, people obey him.(TUHruLAQOOL P 472)

12- أُذکُر حَسَراتِ التَّفريطِ بِأَخذِ تَقديم الحَزِم. (بحارالانوار/78/370)

13-أَلحَسَدُ ما حي الحَسَناتِ جالِبُ المَقتِ. (اعيان الشيعة(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

14- العُقُوقُ يُعَقِّبُ القِلَّةَ وَيُؤدَّي إِلَی الذِّلَّةِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص369)

15- أَلعِتابُ مِفتاحُ الثَّقالِ، وَالعِتابُ خَيرٌ مِنَ الحِقدِ. (اعيان الشيعة(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

16- مَن أَطاعَ الخالِقَ لَم يُبالِ سَخَطَ المَخلوقينَ وَ مَن أَسخَطَ الخالِقَ فَليَيقَن أَن يَحِلَّ بِهِ سَخَطُ المَخلوُقينَ. (تحف العقول ص482)

17- فَإنَّ العالِمَ وَالمُتَعَلَّمَ شَريکانِ فِي الرُّشدِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص367)

18-أَلسَّهَرُ أَلَذُّ لِلمَنامِ، وَالجُوعُ يَزيدُ في طِيبِ الطَّعامِ. (اعيان الشيعة ج2 ص39)

  1. Compensate &. remind your self of regretts &. envoys of dissipations by giving priority &. preference to fore sighted ness, resolution &. sound judgement. (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78, P 370)

  2. Jealousy is the cause of erosion of good deeds &. the attracter of chastisement. (AYAN U SHIA VOL 2, P 39 Modem Print)

  3. The torturing &. teasing of parents is followed by shortage (of sustennce) &. being driven towards belittlement. &. humiliation.(BIHARULANWARVOL78, P369)

  4. Wrath &. anger is the key to difficulties &. hardships but (at the same time) it is better than nursing grudge. (malice) (AYAN U SHIA VOL 2, P 39 Modem Print)

  5. The one who obeys the creater does not have the fear of anger &. wrath of the creatures &. the one who makes Allah angry &. displeased must know that the creatures will (certainly) become angry with him. (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78, P 367)

  6. Indeed, both the scholar &. the student share the prosperity. (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78, P 367)

  7. Waking up in the night makes the sleep sweeter &. hunger increases the nicety &. decency of food. (Imam intends to invoke &. encourage the people to keep fast &. offer prayers.) (AYAN U SHIA, VOL 2, P 39)

19- أُذکُر مَصرَعَکَ بَينَ يَدَي أهلِکَ وَلا طَبيبَ يَمنَعُکَ وَلا حَبيبَ يَنفَعُکَ

(اعيان الشيعة(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

20- فَمَن فَعَلَ فِعلاً وَکانَ بِدِينٍ لَم يَعقِد قَلبُهُ عَلی ذلِکَ لَم يَقبَلِ اللهُ مِنهُ عَمَلاً إلاّ بِصِدقِ النِّيَّةِ...(تحف العقول ص473)

21- مَن أَمِنَ مَکرَ اللهِ وَأَلِيمَ اَخذِهِ تَکبَّرَ حَتّي يَحلَّ بِهِ قَضاؤُهُ وَنافِذُ أَمرِه. (تحف العقول ص483)

22- أَبقُوا النِّعَمَ بِحُسنِ مُجاوَرَتِها وَالتَمِسُوا الزِّيادَةَ فيها بِاشُّکرِ عَلَيها. (اعيان الشيعة(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

23- مَن کانَ عَلی بَيِّنَةٍ مِن رَبِّهِ هانَت عَلَيهِ مَصائِبُ الدُّنيا وَلَو قُرِضَ وَنُشِرَ. (تحف العقول ص483)

24- إِنَّ اللهَ جَعَلَ الدُّنيا دارَبَلوی، وَالآخِرَةَ دارَعُقبی وَجَعَلَ بَلوی الدُّنيا لِثَوابِ الآخِرَةِ سَبَباً، وَثَوابَ الآخِرَةِ مِن بَلوی الدُّنيا عِوَضاً. (تحف العقول ص483)

25- إِنَّ اللهَ إِذا أَرادَ بِعَبدٍ خَيراً إِذا عوُتِبَ قَبِلَ. (تحف العقول ص481)

26- إِنَّ المُحِقَّ السَّفيهَ يَکادُ أن يُطفِئَ نُورَ حَقِّهِ بِسَفَهِهِ. (تحف العقول ص483)

  1. Mind the time when you would be lying before your family members &. there would be no physician to stop it (death) &. no friend to benefit you. (AYAN U SHIA. VOL 2. P 39. Modem Print)

  2. The one who performs a deed &. his heart does not believe in that deed, Allah will not accept any of his practices; but that it be alongwith the sincerity of intention. (TUHruL AQOOL P 473)

  3. The one who considers himself to be safe from the planning of Allah &. his painful chastisement &. wrath commits arrogance till His devine will catches hold of him. And His ordinance gets implemented. (TUHruL AQOOL P 483)

  4. Sustain &. prolong the benificiences &. benovelences by decent neighbourhood with them. And keep seeking the benovelences by thank giving, over those. (AYAN U SHIA. VOL 2. P 39 Modem Print)

  5. The one who has a clear cut proof &. evidence from Allah the hardships of life become light for him; although, he is cut into pieces &. spread out &. scattered. (TUHruL AQOOL P 83)

  6. Allah has made the world a place of calamities &. the resurrestion day the spot of rewards. And He has made the anguishes &. calamities of life a media &. way to the rewards of justice day. And made the reward of ressurection day are the replacement &. compensation for the troubles &. anguishes of world (life). (TUHruL AQOOL P 483)

  7. When Allah intends a benificience &. benovelence for His servant he accepts the admonition of those admonishing him. (TUHruL AQOOL P 481)

  8. The silly (insane) rightful is on the verge of extinguishing &. putting out the light of his righteousness through his stupidity &. unwiseness. (TUHruL AQOOL P 483)

27- شعرا نشده الامام عليه السلام،يخاطب به التوکل العباسی:

باتُوا عَلی قُلَلِ الأَجبال تَحرُسُهُم

غُلبُ الرِّجالِ فَلَم تَنفعهُم القُلَلُ

وَاستُنزلوُا بَعدَ عِزٍّعَن مَعاقِلِهِم

وَأسکِنُوا حُفَراً يا بِئسَ ما نَزَلوُا

ناداهُمُ صارخٌ مِن بَعدِ دَفنِهِمُ

أَينَ الأَساوِرُوَالتّيجانُ وَالحُلَلُ

اَينَ الوُجوُهُ الَّتي کانَت مُنَعَّمَةً

مِن دُونِها تُضرَبُ الأَستارُ وَالکلَلُ

فَأَفصَحَ القَبرُ عَنهُم حينَ ساءَلَهُم

تِلکَ الوُجوُهُ عَلَيها الدّوُدُ يَقتَتِلُ

قَد طالَما أَکَلوُادَ هراً وَقَد شَرِبُوا

فَأَصبَحُوا اليَومَ بَعدَ الأَکلِ قَد أکِلُوا

وَطالَما عَمَّروُا دوُراً لِتُسکِنَهُم

فَفارَقُوا الدّوُرَ وَالأَهلينَ وَانتَقَلوُا

وَطالَما کَنَّزوُا الأَموالَ وَادَّخَروُا

فَفَرَّقُوها عَلَی الأَعداءِ وَارتَحَلوُا

(اعيان الشيعة(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص38)

28- أَلغِني:قِلَّةُ تَمَنَّيکَ وَالرِّضا بِما يَکفيکَ. (اعيان الشيعة(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص38)

29- أَلغَضَبُ عَلی مَن تَملِکُ لُؤمٌ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص370)

  1. Imam (Ali Naqi(,f..f.J adressing caliph Mutta wakkll Abbasi the 10th tyrant ruler of Abbasades recited the following rhymes which said.

  2. They made the lofty &. high peaks their residence &: permenantly stationed armed guards to watch that. But none of those could stop the death from approaching them.

  3. Finally &. consequently after all that grandeour they were dragged from their grand palaces into the ditches of graves &. how unfortunately they fell into those bad steeps.

  4. After the burriyal the voice of the caller of Allah raised saying ',Where did those decorations, crowns, (magnanimities) ostentations, go?

Where did those wealthy &. luxerious faces, in front of whome curtains &. laurals were hung &. placed go.

  1. At the time of their being questioned the grave answers eloquently', These are the faces which are presently the attacking spot of the worms &. insects.'

  2. They ate &. drank for long times (all they desired) &. right now they are themselves being eaten up. (by insects)

  3. For ages they built houses to dwell in but they got seperated &. away from those houses &. transfered to another place.

  4. They had been accomulating riches &. wealths for long times but (now) they dispersed all of those wealths among their enemies &. then departed. (AYAN U SHIA. VOL 2, P .38)

  5. Wealth (means) the scarcity of your aspirations &. longings &. getting contented with what could be sufficient for you. (AYAN U SHIA. VOL 2, P .39, Modem Print)

  6. To be enraged &. angry with some body who is under your hand is reprehensible &. blamable. (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78. P .370)

30-أَشاکِرُ أَسعَدُ بِاشُّکرِ مِنهُ بِالنِّعمَةِ الَّتي اَوجَبَت الشُّکرَ،لأَِنَّ النِّعَمَ مَتاعٌ وَالشُّکرَ نِعَمٌ وَعُقبی. (تحف العقول ص483)

31- أَلنّاسُ فِي الدُّنيا بِالأَموالِ وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ بِالأَعمالِ. (اعيان الشيعه،(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

32- إيّاکَ وَالحَسَدَ فَإِنَّهُ يَبينُ فيکَ،وَلا يَعمَلُ في عَدُوِّکَ. (اعيان الشيعه،(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

33- أَلحِکمَةُ لا تَنجَعُ فِي الطِّباعِ الفاسِدَةِ. (اعيان الشيعه،(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

34- أَلمِراءُ يُفسِدُ الصَداقَةَ القَديِمَةَ. (اعيان الشيعه،(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

35- لا تَطلُبِ الصَّفاءَ مِمَّن کَدَّرتَ عَلَيهِ،وَلاَ الوَفاءَ مِمَّن غَدَرتَ بِهِ، (اعيان الشيعه،(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

36- راکِبُ الحَروُنِ أَسيرُ نَفسِهِ وَالجاهِلُ أَسيرُلِسانِهِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص369)

  1. The prosperity of thankfulness of the thankful person is more of a benovelence &. benificience for him than the boon for which the thankgiving became obligatory. Because, benevelence is a necessity of life but thankgiving is boon, benevolence, &. reward (both). (TUHFUL AQOOL P 483)

  2. The people's (honour &. personality) in the world are with wealth &. in the Here after by their practices. (AYAN U SHIA. VOL 2. P 39. Modem Print)

  3. Beware of Jealousy for it's effect will appear upon you &. it shall not effect your enemy. (AYAN U SHIA, VOL 2. P 39. Modem Print)

  4. Wisdom does not have effect upon the perverse, &. corrupt natures. (AYAN U SHIA, VOL 2. P 39. Modem Print)

  5. Disputing &. argumenting destroys the old friendship. (AYAN U SHIA, VOL 2, P 3)

  6. Do not wish purity (sincerity) from the one with whome you are angry &. displeased &. faithfulness from the one whome you have betrayed (committed perfldity &. teachery with). (AYAN U SHIA,' VOL 2, P 39, Modem Print)

  7. The one who is ridding upon an unmoving animal is the prisone~ of his self &. the ignorant is the prisoner of his

tongue. I

  1. A Person's ridding an animal puts him in a state or pride which originates rrom the lusty desires &. passions or ego.

37- مَن جَمَعَ لَکَ وَدَّهُ وَرَأيَهُ فَاجمَع لَهُ طاعَتَکَ (تحف العقول ص483)

38- أَلهَزلُ فُکاهَةُ السُّفَهاءِ،وَصِناعَةٌ الجُهّالِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص369)

39- أَلمُصِيَبةُ لِلصّابِرِ واحِدَةٌ وِلِلجازِع إِثنَتانِ. (اعيان الشيعه ج2 (طبع جديد)ص39)

40-أَلعُجبُ صارِفٌ عَن طَلَبِ العِلمِ،داعٍ إِلَی الغَمطِ وَالجَهلِ. (اعيان الشيعه،(الطبع الجديد) ج2 ص39)

  1. The person who specifies his love &. opinion together for you. You (too) specify your obedience for him. (TUHruL AQOOL P 483)

  2. Talking nonsense &. futile things is the enjoyment &. pleasure of foolish &. insane ones, and the activity of ignorant ones. (BIHAR UL ANWAR VOL 78, P 369)

  3. The calamity is one, for the patient &. fore bearing person, &. two (calamities) for the one who (makes fuss) gets impatient &. anxious. (AYAN U SHIA, VOL 2, P 39, Modem Print)

  4. Self conciet stops &. restrain from seeking knowledge &. becomes the cause of (people's) despise, scorn, &. ignorance.

(AYAN U SHIA, VOL 2, P 39, Modem Print)