Endnotes

  1. Taqiul-Daen Ahmad bin Ali al-Miqreezi (d. 845 A.H.). Fadhl Ahlul-Bait (The Merit of the Family of the Prophet). p. 25. 2nd ed. quoted from Tafsir al-Tabari (Qur'anic Exegesis of al-Tabari). Vol. 22. p. 7.. Sahih al-Tirmidi (Al-Tirmidi's Authentic Book of Traditions), Vol. 5, p.30.

  2. Muhibul-Deen al-Tabari, Dakh'ir al-Uqba fi Manaqib Dawi al-Qurba (Traasuras of the Heraafter about Virtues of the KInsfolk). p. 58, 1967. ed Al-Haythami al-Shafi'i, Majma. al-Zawa'id (Comprehensive Book of Extra Traditions). Vol. 9. p. 17.2. Kanz al-Ummal (Treasure of the Doers of Good Deeds). Vol. 6. p. 152.

  3. Al-Tabari. lbid Kanz al-Ummal, Vol 6, p. 220.

  4. Al-Balakhia1-Qandoozi, Yanabi. al-Mawwadah (Springs of Love), Vol.

  5. p. 105, 2nd ed.

  6. Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 7.. p. 188. Sahih Abu-Dawood (Abu-Dawood's Authentic Book of Traditions), Vol. 27.. Al-Kashani, Ilm al-Yaqeen (Certitude). Al-Hakim, Al-Mustadrak ala al-Sahihayn (The Book which Collected Traditions left out by the Two Authentic Books of Traditions), Vol. 3, p. 150. Sahih al-Tirmidi Vol. 5, p. 30.

  7. Al-Tabari, Ibid, p. 17..

7.. Baqir Sharif al-Qurashi, Hayat al-lmam Musa bin Jaf'ar (Life of Imam Musa bin Ja'far), Vol. 1, p. 46, 2nd ed

  1. Allamah al-Majlisi Bihar al-Anwar (Seas of Lights). Vol. 11, p. 237..

  2. Ali Muhammad Dakheel Al-lmam Musa al-Kadhim. p. 10. 197.4 ed., quoted from Sheikh al-Mufid

  3. Al-Kulayni, Usool al-Kafi (Key Questions of al-Kafi), Vol. 1, p. 309.

11 Allamah al-Majlisi. Ibid Vol. 48, p. 12.

  1. Al-Tabrasi. l'lam al-Wara bi A'lam al-Huda (Acquainting People with the Leaders of Guidance). p. 309. 3rd ed.

  2. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid, Vol. 48, p. 116.

  3. Ibid, Vol. 48, p. 107..

  4. Ibid.

  5. Al-Tabrasi, Ibid., p.305, 3rd ed

  6. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., p. 101.

  7. Ibid., Vol. 48, p. 220, 2nd. ed.

  8. Ibid., p. 111.

  9. A valley in Hajaz known for its orchards.

  10. Tarikh Baghdad (History of Baghdad), Vol. 13, pp. 29-30. Al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah (The Beginning and the End), Vol. 10, p. 183, quoted from Baqir Sharif al-Qurashi.

  11. Allamah aI-Majlisi, Ibid., Vol. 48, p. 111.

  12. Ibid., pp. 101-102.

  13. Al-Tabrasi Ibid., p. 307.

  14. An area in Madinah, a property of the family of Abu-Talib.

  15. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., p. 102.

  16. Abul-Faraj al-Asfahani, Maqatil al-Talibiyyin (Martyrdom of Descendants of Abu-Talib), p. 499.

  17. Ibid.

  18. Al-Tabrasi, Ibid., p. 306.

  19. Ibn Shahrashoob, Manaqib Aal Abi-Talib (Virtues of the Family of Abu-Talib), Vol. 3, p. 372.

  20. Ahmad bin Abi-Ya'qoob bin Ja'far bin Wahab, Tarikh al-Ya'qoobi (History ofal-Ya'qoobi), Vol. 3, p. 119.

  21. Al-Tabari, Ibid., p. 259, 3rd ed.

  22. Allamah al-Majlisi, hid., Vol. 48, p. 24, quoted from Ibn Shahrashoob, Manaqib Aal Abi-Talib, Vol. 3, p. 411.

  23. lbn Shahrashoob, hid., Vol. 4, p. 325.

  24. Allamah al-Majlisi, hid., Vol. 48, p. 178, quoted from Sharh Mashyakhat al-Faqih (Commentaries on Biography of Iminent Fuqaha') by al-Sadooq, p. 89.

  25. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., p. 179, quoted from Sharh Mashyakhat al-Faqih, p. 15.

37 He avoided citing Imam Musa al-Kadhim (a.s.) in all the traditions he communicated from Ahlul-Bait (a.s.) for fear of being discovered as a follower of the Imam which would expose both him and the Imam to danger.

  1. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid, quoted from Sharh Mashyakhat al-Faqih, pp. 56-57.

  2. Baqir Sharif al-Qurashi, Ibid, Vol. 2, p. 299.

  3. Abu-Muhammad al-Hassan bin Ali bin al-Hussein al-Harrani Tuhaf al-Uqool an Aal al-Rasool (Treasures of Minds Handed down from the Family of the Messenger), p. 283, 5th ed.

  4. Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi, Ibid, Vol. 2, p. 343.

  5. Adil al-Adeeb, Al-A'immah al-Ithna Ashar (The Twelve Imams), p. 186, quoted form al-Anwar Al-Bahiyyah (Brilliant Lights), p. 915 43. Al-Tabrasi, Ibid., p. 386.

  6. Ibid

  7. Ibid.

  8. Ibid., p. 87.

  9. Al-Harrani, Ibid., p. 300, 5th ed

  10. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid, Vol. 48, p. 106.

  11. Al-Harrani, Ibid, p. 283, 5th ed.

  12. Adil al-Adeeb, Ibid, p. 187, quoted from Sheikh al-Ansari, Chapter of Rule of the Oppressor,' Book of Trades and Businesses.

  13. Statement of the Imam conveys the same meaning of another one quoted from the Apostle of Allah (s.a.w.), which says, .Do not be a naive imitator, saying 'I am with people. Should people do good works, so should I. And if they do evil, so do I; but train yourselves; if people do good works so you should do, but if they do evil, you have to avoid doing it.

  14. All these quotes have been taken from Tuhaf al-Uqool, Chapter of What has been handed down from Imam Musa bin Ja'far."

  15. Historians say that al-Rasheed, after his death, left 100 million Dinars, and quantities of jewels and possessions which were worth more than that. He had 2000 slave girls, the price of one of them amounted to one and a half million Dirhams. Not only was al-Rasheed extravagant, but his wife, Zubaydah, was too. She misused the state funds and the people's wealth. She had pearl-studded pairs of sandals. She spent more than one million gold Dinars on making a pure silk mat, embroidered with gold thread, and having pictures of birds with ruby eyes...

  16. Ahmad bin Abi-Ya'qoob, lbid., Death of al-Mansoor and al-Mahdi

  17. Ibid., p. 394.

  18. Abul-Faraj al-Asfahani, lbid., p. 431.

  19. Ibid.

  20. Sayyid Salih al-Shahristani, Tarikh al-Niyahah ala al-lmam al-Shaheed al-Hussein bin Ali (History of Mourning over Imam Martyr Hussein bin Ali), Vol. 2, p. 6.

  21. Abul-Faraj al-Asfahani, Ibid., p. 436.

  22. Ibid.

  23. Ibid., p. 437.

  24. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., Vol. 48, p. 165.

  25. Abul-Faraj al-Asfahani, Ibid., p. 447.

  26. Al-Tabari maintains that "Ishaq bin Isa bin Ali was governor of Madinah. When al-Mahdi died and Musa succeeded him, as the new caliph, Ishaq rushed to Iraq to see Musa, after putting Umar bin Abdul-Aziz bin Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Umar bin al-Khattab in his place. But al-Fadhl bin Ishaq al-Hashimi said that lshaq bin lsa bin Ali asked al-Hadi to relieve him of his post as the governor of Madinah, and allow him to travel to Baghdad, and that al-Hadi accepted his offer and appointed Umar bin Abdul-Aziz in his place..."

  27. Al-Tabari says, "Umar bin Salam was a servant of the household of Umar," which is correct.

  28. Abul-Faraj al-Asfahani, lbid., p. 448.

  29. Fakh was a well about 6 kilometres away from Makkah.

  30. Allamah al-Majlisi, lbid, Vol. 48, p. 165.

  31. Abul-Faraj al-Asfahani, Ibid., p. 455.

  32. Ibid.

  33. Ibid., p. 450.

  34. Ibn Shahrashoob, Ibid., Vol. 4, p. 310.

  35. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., p. 151.

  36. Sheikh al-Sadooq, Uyoon Akhbar al-Ridha (Key Narratives about al-Ridha), p. 65. Al-Haydariyyah Press Najaf, Iraq.

  37. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., Vol. 48, p. 213.

  38. Ibid., p. 234.

  39. This tragedy occurred in the aftermath of the martyrdom of Imam Musa bin Ja'far (a.s.).

  40. We quoted the gist of this story from Uyoon Akhbar al-Ridha, Vol. 1, p. 88.

  41. Sheikh al-Sadooq, Ibid, p. 179.

  42. One of al-Rashid's prisons.

  43. Sheikh al-Sadooq, Ibid., p. 187.

  44. Ali bin Isma'il was the nephew of Imam Musa bin Ja'far.

  45. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid, Vol. 48, p. 207, 2nd ed

  46. Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi, Ibid, p. 329.

  47. Allamah al-Majlisi, lbid., Vol. 48, p. 210.

  48. Ibid., p. 213.

  49. Ibid., p. 107.

  50. Abul Faraj al-Asfahani, Ibid., p. 502.

  51. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid, Vol. 48, p. 607 90. Ibid., p. 211.

91 Al-Tabrasi, Ibid, p. 311, 3rd ed

  1. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid, p. 239.

  2. This event occurred at the prison of al-Sindi bin Shahik, known as "Dar ala-Musayyab" in Baghdad

  3. Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi Ibid, Vol. 2, p. 499.

  4. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., Vol. 48, p. 230.

  5. Historically it is an established fact that it was Yahya who misinformed al-Rasheed about Imam Musa bin Ja'far (a.s.), and he himself ordered al-Sindi to add poison to the food of the Imam. In addition, Imam al-Ridha (a.s.), the son of Imam Musa bin Ja'far (a.s.), blamed the Barmecides for the death of his tather and he prayed for their destruction. Then it is incorrect to say that Yahya was a follower. in secret. of Imam Musa Kadhim (a.s.).

  6. Allamah al-Majlisi, Ibid., p. 231.

  7. Al-Rasheed was, at the time, on his way from Riqqah to Damascus.

  8. Historians differed on the period the Imam spent in prison. A version maintains that al-Rasheed had gone to Makkah, to perform hajj in 179 A.H., and then gave his order to arrest the Imam and transfer him to Baghdad, where he was throw" in prison. He remained there until he was martyred on 25 Rajab 183 A.H. According to this narrative, Imam's imprisonment lasted four years. Another version says that al-Rasheed put the Imam in prison after six or seven years of his assuming power. And so accordingly, Imam Musa al-Kadhim (a.s.) served six or seven years in prison.

  9. After Imam Musa al-Kadhim (a.s.) had died, al-Sindi bin Shahik allowed the fuqaha' and the eminent people of Baghdad, including al-Haytham bin Uday and others, to see him, they saw no trace of maltreatment and gave their testimonies. Then the body of the Imam was taken out and put on the bridge of Baghdad. It was announced.This is Musa bin Ja'far dead. Look at him.. People began to stare in his face, and he was dead.. (Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 48, p. 234.)

  10. Sheikh al-Sadooq, Ibid., Vol. 1, p. 19. Al-Haydariyyah Press, Najaf, Iraq.

  11. Ibid, p. 22

  12. Ibid., p. 25.

  13. Hassan al-Amin, Da'irat al-Ma'arif al-Shi'iyyah (Shi'ite Encyclopedia), Vol. 3, p. 257 105. The city was later named "al-Kadhimiyyah" after the great Imam. It is still known by this name.