Abstract

Islamic Art is the art of civilization based on Islamic religion. Moreover, it not only concerned with particular region or particular people rather it is a combination of different civilizations and historical circumstances as painted with Islamic weltanschauung. The Arab civilization is probably more important. Although the Arabs have little art and even then, they developed Islamic art with spiritual characteristics. They were expert in mathematics and geometry and applied their knowledge to formulation of Islamic decoration. Turkish also played important role in Islamic art and its spiritual message. They ruled for a long period upon large part of Islamic world from 10th to 19th century. The Persian art and literature emerged as the main sources of the development of Muslim art of painting, architecture and various forms of Islamic decorative arts. The spiritual aspect remained the dominant factor in all art and thought of Islamic World. In subcontinent, Mughals rulers contributed much to the various Islamic art-forms such as architecture (both sacred and public), miniature art, decorative arts and landscape paintings.