Endnotes


[^1] The main translations available are Mulla Sadra The Wisdom of the Throne( ‘Arshiyyah ) tr. James R. Morris. Princeton, Princeton University Press,1981 and. Mulla Sadra, Le Livre des penetrations metaphysiques (Kitab al Masha’ ?r) tr. Henry Corbin, Paris, Verdier,[^1993]: (orig. Tehran and Paris 1964). I have found useful Fazlur Rahman The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra, Albany NY, SUNY Press, 1975; and Seyyed Hossein Nasr, “Mulla Sadra: His Teachings,” in The History of Islamic Philosophy, 2 vols., ed. Seyyed.Hossein. Nasr and Oliver Leaman, London, Routledge 1996. II:643-662.

[^2] Hossein Ziai,”Mulla Sadra: His Life and Works,” in Nasr and Leaman, eds., The History of Islamic Philosophy, I: 635-[^642]:

[^3] For a brief survey, see John Marenbon, “Medieval Christian and Jewish Europe” in the section “Later Transmission and Interpretation” in Nasr and Leaman, eds., History of Islamic Philosophy, II:1001-[^1012]:

[^4] Seyyd Hossein Nasr, “Existence and Quiddity in Islamic Philosophy,” Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1989) pp. 409-428, p. [^419]:

[^5] Nasr, “Mulla Sadra: His Teachings, “p. [^646]:

[^6] Sadra, The Wisdom of the Throne, , I,13, tr. Morris p. [^121]:

[^7] Ibid., II, B,1, tr. Morris, p. [^156]:

[^8] Spinoza,Ethics, III: P7, in The Collected Works of Spinoza tr. and ed. Edwin M. Curley, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1985 I;?

[^9] Nasr, “Mulla Sadra,” p. [^644]:

[^10] Spinoza, Ethics, V: P 25, in Curley, 1985 I: 608; cf. P 28; in Curley, I: [^609]:

[^11] Spinoza, Ethics II: P40, in Curley, I:478; also Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect, in Curley, I: 14-[^5]:

[^12] Spinoza, Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect, in Curley, I: [^41]:

[^13] Harry Austryn Wolfson, The Philosophy of Spinoza, New York, Shocken, 1969, II: p. [^156]:

[^14] To be filled in

[^15] See St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Contra Gentiles, LX-LXI in Anton C. Pegis, Basic Writings, New York, Random House, 1945, II:106-7; cf. Augustine, De trinitate XV,[^16]:

[^16] Quoted in Christopher Hill, The World Turned Upside Down, Hardmondsworth, Penguin, 1972, p. [^142]:

[^17] Spinoza, Ethics, V: P [^23]: in Curley I:607-8.

[^18] Spinoza, Ethics, V: P 42, in Curley I:616-[^7]:

[^19] St. Thomas Aquinas Summa Contra Gentiles, LXI in Pegis, Basic Writings, II: [^107]:

[^20] Aristotle, Nich. Ethics, 1170 a[^18]:

[^21] To be filled in

[^22] Rahman, The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra, p. [^261]:

[^23] Sadra, Wisdom of the Throne, II, B, 1 tr. Morris, p. [^158]:

[^24] Ibid. II B,1, p. [^159]:

[^25] Ibid., II,B,2, p. [^164]:

[^26] Ibid.,. II, C2, p. [^181]:

[^27] Descartes, Passions de l?me, I 5-[^6]:

[^28] Henry Regius, Philosophie Naturelle, Utrecht, [^1687]:

[^29] Spinoza, Short Treatise, Appendix 2 P 3, in Curley, I:[^152]: Cf. Ethics II: P21, in Curley, I: 467.

[^30] Spinoza, Short Treatise, Ch. 23, in Curley I:[^140]:

[^31] Spinoza, Short Treatise, Appendix 2 P 3, in Curley I:[^152]:

[^32] Spinoza, Short Treatise, Appendix 2, P 15, in Curley I:[^155]:

[^33] Spinoza, Short Treatise, Appendix 2 P 17 in Curley I:[^156]:

[^34] Spinoza, Ethics, II: P 21 in Curley I:[^467]:

[^35] Spinoza, Ethics, I: P 26 in Curley I:[^469]:

[^36] Spinoza, Ethics, V: P 21 in Curley I:607