Notes:

[^1] Refer to the Arabic lexicons Lisan al-'Arab, Asas al-Balaghah and Tartib al-Qamus al-Muhit for meaning of wasala.

[^2] Alusi, Ruh al-Ma'ani, vol. 6, p. 124-[^128]:

[^3] Tabrisi, Majma' al-Bayan, vol. 6, p. 86; Sahih Muslim, vol. 1, p. [^4] Nida'-i Wahdat, Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab's treatise to Shaikh Ja'far Najafi.

[^5] Sharh al-Mawahib, vol. 8, p. 304; al-Majmu', vol. 8, p. 274; Ibn 'Abidin, vol. 5, p.254; al-Fatwa al-Hindiyyah, vol. 1, p. 266 and vol. 5, 318; Fath al-Qadir, vol. 8, p. 297, 298 and al-Futuhat al-Rabbaniyyah 'ala al-Azkar al-Nabawiyyah, vol. 5, p. [^36]:

[^6]  Sharh al-Mawahib, vol. 8, p. 304-5; Wafa' al-Wafad, vol. 4, p. 1371; al-Qawanin al-Fiqhiyyah, p. 148; and Sharh Ibn al-Hasan 'ala al-Risalah al-Qirwani, vol. 12, p. 478).

[^7] Al-Majmu', vol. 8, p. 274; Fayd al-Qadir, vol. 2, p. 134; I'anah al-Talibiyyin, p. [^315]:

[^8] Al-Mughni ma' al-Sharh, vol. 3, p. 588; al-Sharh al-Kabir ma' al-Mughni, vol. 3, p. [^494]:

[^9] Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazzali', Ihya' 'Ulum al-Din, vol. 1, pp. 258-[^261]:

[^10] Al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah, section 14, p. [^160]:

[^11] Ibid.

[^12] Tafsir Ruh al-Ma'ani, vol. 6, [^128]:

[^13] Shaikh Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, 'Aqa'id Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah fi radd al- Wahhabiyyah wa al-Bid'ah, translated into Persian by 'Abd al-Rahman Sarbazi, p. [^86]:

[^14] Al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur'an, vol. 6, p. 328-[^332]:

[^15] Ibid.

[^16] Refer to Shaikh Aqa Buzurg Tehrani, al-Dhari'ah ila Tasanif al-Shi’a, vol. 25, p. 69-[^92]:

[^17] Tafsir al-Mizan, vol. 11, p. 15 (Dar al-'Alami print, Beirut).

[^18] Ibn Taymiyyah, Qa'idah Jalilah fi al-Tawassul wa al-Wasilah, pp. 63, 64 & 95, as cited in al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah.

[^19] Muhammad Rashid Rida, al-Manar, vol. 6, pp. 369-[^377]:

[^20] Bayhaqi, Dala'il al-Nabuwwah, vol. 5, p. 489 (Dar al-Kitab al-'Ilmiyyah print, Beirut), cited from al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, vol. 24; al-Mustadrak, vol. 2, p. 615, Ibn Taymiyyah, al-Fatwa, vol. 1, p. 150, Jalal al-Din Suyuti, Tafsir Durr al-Manthur, vol. 1, pp. 142-149 (Dar al-Fikr print, Beirut, 1983).

[^21] Al-Tabarani, al-Mu'jam al-saghir, vol. 1, p. 183, (Maktabah al-Salafiyyah print) cited in al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, vol. [^24]:

[^22] Al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, vol. 7, p. 263; Qa'idah Jalilah, p. [^1]:

[^23] 'Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Hasan Musawi, Nida' Wahdat, pp. 260-[^261]:

[^24] Al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, vol. 14, p. [^160]:

[^25] Manawi, al-Fayd, vol. 3, p. 540; Hasan bin 'Ali Saqqaf, al-Tandid bi-man Addada al-Tawhid, pp. 30-[^40]:

[^26] Tafsir al-Jalalayn; Baydawi, Anwar al-Tanzil, vol. 2, 270

[^27] Tafsir al-Manar, vol. 1, p. [^59]:

[^28] Ibn ''Abd al-Wahhab, Risalah Kashf al-Shubahat, cited in al-Rasul Yad'ukum, p. [^295]:

[^29] Risalatan Bayn al-Shaykhayn al-Ustadh Muhammad Wa'iz-Zadeh Khurasani wa al-Ustadh 'Abd al-'Aziz bin 'Abdullah bin Baz, pp. 32-[^33]:

[^30]'Allamah Tabataba`i, Majmu'ah-yi Maqalat, pp. 313-[^317]:

[^31] Risalatan Bayn al-Shaykhayn, p. [^41]:

[^32] Dr Buti, Ramadan, Fiqh al-Sunnah, tenth edition, p. [^355]:

[^33] Hasan bin 'Ali al-Saqqaf, al-Ta'liq 'ala Risalatayn, Risalah at-Taqrib Quarterly, No. 17, 1418 AH, p. [^69]:

[^34] Sahih al-Bukhari, vol. 14, p. 111, Dar Ihya' al-Turath, Beirut; Sahih al-Muslim, chapter 51, pp. 76-77; Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, vol. 1, p. 26 & vol. 2, pp. 31 & 131; Musnad Tiyalisi, hadith [^403]:

[^35]Al-Majmu', vol. 8, p. 274, chapter on manners of pilgrimage.

[^36] Shaikh Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, 'Aqa'id Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah fi radd al-Wahhabiyyah wa al-Bid'ah, translated into Persian by 'Abd al-Rahman Sarbazi, pp. 82-[^88]:

[^37] Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, Risalah Kashf al-Shubahat, cited in al-Rasul Yad'ukum, p. [^295]:

[^38]Da'irah al-Ma'arif Qarn al-'Ishrin (20th Century Encyclopaedia), under the topic of 'Ruh' (Soul), vol. 14, p. [^365]:

[^39] Refer for details to Leone Danny's "World After Death", pp. 78-[^82]:

[^40] Dr. Bi-Azar Shirazi, 'Abd al-Karim, Gozashteh va Ayandeh-ye Jahan, pp. 96-[^101]:

[^41] Risalatan Bayn al-Shaykhayn, p. [^17]:

[^42] Majmu'ah Fatwa Ibn Taymiyyah, vol. 1, p. 106, as cited in al-Mausu'ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah, vol. 14, pp. 163-[^164]:

[^43] Risalatan Bayn al-Shaykhayn, pp. 17-[^18]:

[^44] Mustafa Mahmud, Asrar al-Qur'an, Dar al-Ma'arif, second edition, p. [^77]:

[^45] Shaikh Hurr al-'Amili, Wasa'il al-Shi’a, vol. 3, p. [^591]:

[^46] Ayatollah Burujirdi, Tawdih al-Masa'il, p. 172; Imam Khomeini, Tahrir al-Wasilah, vol. 1, p. 150, and also in Risalah-ye Novin, vol. 1, p. [^148]:

[^47] Ruh al-Ma'ani, vol. 6, p. [^128]:

[^48] Sayyid Muhammad Hasan Musawi, Risalah dar Kitab wa Sunnat, Majmu'ah Maqalat, Kitab Nida'-e Wahdat, Tehran, Chehel-Sutun Publishers, p. [^259]:

[^49] Sunan Tirmidhi, vol. 5, p. 569, Matba'ah al-Halabi, Egypt, cited in al-Mausu'ah