Refrences

[31]. Tabarānī narrated it inal-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (7:49, 50 # 6081); and Haythamī inMajma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:128).

[32]. Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it inal-Musnad (1:331); Nasā’ī,Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp. 44, 46 # 23); Hākim,al-Musadrak (3:132-134 # 4652); Tabarānī,al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (12:77, 78 # 12593); Haythamī,Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:119, 120); and Muhib Tabarī inar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:174, 175), andDhakhā’ir-ul-‘uqbā fī manāqib dhaw-il-qurbā (pp.156-158).

The words of this tradition as recorded inas-Sunnah (pp.600,601 # 1351) by Ibn Abī ‘Āsim are as follows:

من كنت وليه فعلي وليه.

Who has me as his guardian has ‘Alī as his guardian.

The tradition narrated by Nasā’ī has a sound chain of succession.

Dhahabī graded Hākim’s narrated tradition assahīh (sound).

Haythamī has said that it has been narrated by Ahmad and Tabarānī and its men are those ofsahīh (sound) hadīth except Abū Balj Farāzī while he is thiqah (trustworthy).

[33]. Hindī, while relating it inKanz-ul-‘ummāl (11:608 # 32945), has commented that this tradition has been narrated by Abū Nu‘aym inFadā’il-us-sahābah on the authority of Zayd bin Arqam (RA) and Barā’ bin al-‘Āzib (RA).

‘Asqalānī also narrated it inal-Isābah fī tamyīz-is-sahābah (4:328).

[34]. Abū Ya‘lā narrated it inal-Musnad (11:307 # 6423): Ibn Abī Shaybah,al-Musannaf (12:68 # 12141); Haythamī,Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:105, 106); Ibn ‘Asākir,Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:175); and Ibn Kathīr inal-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:174).

[35]. Ahmad bin Hambal related it inal-Musnad (5:366), andFadā’il-us-sahābah (2:598, 599 # 1021); Bayhaqī,as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:131); Ibn ‘Asākir,Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:160); and Muhib Tabarī inar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:127).

Nasā’ī graded itsahīh (sound) inKhasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (p.90 # 83).

Diyā’ Maqdisī narrated it with a sound chain of authorities inal-Ahādīth-ul-mukhtārah (2:105 # 479).

Haythamī related it inMajma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:104) and declared that Ahmad’s men are sound (rijāluhū sahīh ).

Ibn Kathīr said inal-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:170; 5:462) that its chain of authorities is jayyid (fine).

[36]. Nasā’ī related it inKhasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.89, 91 # 82, 85); Tabarānī,al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (3:134 # 2275); Bayhaqī,as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:132); and Mizzī inTahdhīb-ul-kamāl (22:397, 398).

Ibn ‘Asākir’s narration inTārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:159) has eighteen witnesses.

Tabarānī related it inMu‘jam-us-saghīr (1:64, 65) and it had twelve witnesses, including Abū Hurayrah, Abū Sa‘īd and Anas bin Mālik (RA). Haythamī copied in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:108).

[37]. Tabarānī related it inal-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (2:576 # 1987); Haythamī,Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:106); Ibn ‘Asākir,Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:157, 158); Muhib Tabarī,ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:127); Hindī,Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:157 # 36485); and Shawkānī inDarr-us-sahābah (p.211).

[38]. Ahmd bin Hambal related it inal-Musnad (1:118); Ibn Abī Shaybah,al-Musannaf (12:67 # 12140); Tabarānī,al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (3:69, 134 # 2130, 2275),al-Mu‘jam-us-saghīr (1:65); Diyā’ Maqdisī,al-Ahādīth-ul-mukhtārah (2:105, 106 # 480); Abū Nu‘aym,Hilyat-ul-awliyā’ wa tabaqāt-ul-asfiyā ’ (5:26); Ibn ‘Asākir,Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:160); and Hindī inKanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:157 # 36485).

Nasā’ī narrated it with sound (sahīh ) chain of authorities inKhasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.90, 100 # 84, 95).

Haythamī said inMajma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:107,108) that Tabarānī’s chain of authorities is hasan (fair).

[39]. The Companions (RA) who took part in defensive war fought at the plain of Badr near Medina after the aggression of Makkans on Medinan Muslims.

[40]. Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it inal-Musnad (1:119); Tahāwī,Mashkal-ul-āthār (2:308); Diyā’ Maqdisī,al-Ahādīth-ul-mukhtārah (2:80, 81 # 458); Khatīb Baghdādī,Tārīkh Baghdad (14:236); Ibn ‘Asākir,Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:156, 157); Ibn Athīr,Asad-ul-ghābah (4:102, 103); Ibn Kathīr,al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:170; 5:461, 462); and Shawkānī inDarr-us-sahābah (p.209).

Ibn ‘Asākir related it from Ziyād bin Abī Ziyād too inTārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:161).

Muhib Tabarī related it from Ziyād bin Abī Ziyād inar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:128).

Haythamī says inMajma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:105, 106) that it has been narrated by Abū Ya‘lā inal-Musnad (1:257 # 563) and its men arethiqah (trustworthy).

Hindī says inKanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:170 # 36515) that this tradition has also been narrated by Ibn Jarīr, Sa‘īd bin Mansūr and Ibn Athīr Jazarī.

Ahmad bin Hambal has related the tradition from Ziyād bin Abī Ziyād also inal-Musnad (1:88); and Haythamī has copied it in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:106) and declared its men trustworthy ( rijāluhū thiqah ).