Chapter 8: Origin of the Universe
Origin of the Universe:
The Imam's another wonderful theory is about the 'Origin of the Universe'. When modern scientists read this theory they confirm that it totally agrees with the modern theory, which has not yet become a law of physics. However, it has the unique distinction that it was enunciated 12 centuries ago. The theory read as follows :
" The universe was born out of a tiny particle, which had two opposite poles. That particle produced an atom. In this way matter came into being.
Then the matter diversified. This diversification was caused by the density or rarity of the atoms."
The most significant point in this theory is the description of two opposite poles. The importance of this point was realised when the presence of two opposite poles was proved by modern science. Today it is an undisputed fact in atomic science and electronics.
Another of his interesting theory was that the universe is not always in one and the same condition. In one periods it expands and in another it contracts.
This phenomenon was considered for centuries as inconceivable and the theory remained quite incomprehensible to the leading astronomers. After the 18th century more and more powerful telescopes were built and astronomers could see beyond our solar system. It was in 1960 that it was observed and confirmed by astronomers that distances between our galaxy and the neighbouring galaxies are increasing. These observations have provided sufficient proof that the universe is in a state of expansion. We do not know when this expansion started. The discovery of
black holes has proved his other statement that the universe sometimes
contracts was also proved true. Hence the Imam's theory was proved to
The Imam also stated that everything in the universe including inanimate
objects, is always in motion although we may not see it. There is
nothing without motion.
This theory, which was unacceptable in his time, is a scientific fact today.
It is impossible to imagine, explain and describe an object in the universe, which is without motion. Motion is the essence of being. If there is no motion these is no existence. It is perpetual motion which creators life. In other words perpetual motion itself is life. If the motion stops, life would cease to exist. It is by the Will of Allah that eternal motion never stops and the life cycle continues. This eternal movement will continue till the Dooms-Day.
Jaber, his pupil once asked the Imam "How does the movement of the stars keep them from falling?"
The Imam replied : "Put a stone in a sling and swing it round your head. The stone will stay in the sling so long as you are rotating it. But as soon as you stop the rotation, the stone will fall down on the ground. In the same way the perpetual motion of stars keeps them from falling down.