Section 4 : the Divine Gifts Commentary : Verse 31
A few of the Divine gifts given in the physical body of man are referred to The idolaters asked to make their own made gods effect a creation The Qur'an a Book from Allah.
(31) قُلْ مَنْ يَرْزُقُكُمْ مِنَ السَّماءِ وَ الْأَرْضِ أَمَّنْ يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ وَ الْأَبْصارَ وَ مَنْ يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَ يُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَ مَنْ يُدَبِّرُ الْأَمْرَ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللَّهُ فَقُلْ أَ فَلا تَتَّقُونَ
- " Say: "Who provides you(sustenance)from the sky and from the earth Or who possesses hearing and sight And who brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living And, who administrates(every)affair They will soon say: 'Allah'. Then, say: 'Will you not then keep from evil ? "
There have been said same examples of Allah's bringing forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living, among which one might cite the case of the human sperm leading to human beings and human seed from human beings, the chicken from the egg and egg from the chicken, plants from seeds, and seeds from plants; socially- righteous children from corrupt parents and corrupt children from worthy parents.
In this verse there are hints regarding the existence of the Lord and His right of being worshipped.
At first, the holy Qur'an addresses the Prophet(p.b.u.h.) implying to tell those polytheists and idol- worshippers, that who are going astray, who is it that provides nourishment for you in the sky and on the earth The verse says:
" Say: "Who provides you(sustenance)from the sky and from the earth? ..."
Definitely, the earth provides nourishment for the roots of plants by means of its nutritious substances. It is probably for this reason that the above verse refers to the nourishing substances coming from the sky and later from the earth.
Later, the verse refers to two of man's most important senses, namely seeing and hearing, without which man's acquisition of knowledge would have been impossible. It tells him to ask them who is He Who is the Creator of their eyes and ears and reinforces these two senses of theirs. The verse says:
"... Or who possesses hearing and sight? ..."
Then it brings up the two phenomena of death and life which are the most peculiar ones in the realm of creation. It says:
"... And who brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the deed from the living ? ..."
This is the very issue confronted by scientists and the learned men of the natural sciences as well as biologists, amazing them that how living creatures spring from inanimate objects.
The meaning of the above verse includes material as well as spiritual death and life, for one can see intelligent, honest and faithful men sometimes born to parents who are corrupt and faithless, and vice versa.
Then it adds implying that Who is He who rules and regulates all worldly affairs The verse says:
"... And, who administrates(every)affair? ..."
In fact, the verse at first talks about the creation of the blessings and then it speaks about the guardian and administrator of these blessings.
After putting forth these three questions, the holy Qur'an immediately declares that they will soon answer in reply that it is Allah. The verse says:
"... They will soon say: 'Allah'. ..."
One may infer from the above sentence that even the polytheists, infidels and idol- worshippers during the "Age of Ignorance" considered Allah as the sole Creator, Sustainer, Giver of Life as well as the Administrator and Maintainer of the world of existence.
And at the end of the verse the Prophet(p.b.u.h.) has been commanded to ask them: why they did not take the path of virtue. It says:
"... Then, say: 'Will you not then keep from evil ?' "
Commentary : Verse 32
(32)فَذلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمُ الْحَقُّ فَما ذا بَعْدَ الْحَقِّ إِلاَّ الضَّلالُ فَأَنَّى تُصْرَفُونَ
- " Such then is Allah, your true Lord; and what is apart from the Truth but error How then are you turned away "
After explaining some of the symbols of the signs of the magnitude and the prudence of Allah(s. w. t.)in the heavens and the earth, and through this, appealing to the conscience and intellect of the opponents by which they confessed to it, He decisively declares in this verse that this is Allah, your true Creator, not the idols or other beings you have considered as partners with Allah for the sake of worship in front of which you bow down. The verse says:
" Such then is Allah, your true Lord; and what is apart from the Truth but error? ..."
Concluding these remarks, the Qur'an implies: now that you have come to clearly know the truth, do you not realize that you are certain of being misled if you take any path other than the truth ?
How can you turn away from worshipping Allah despite your knowledge that there is no one else worthy to be worshipped ? The verse says:
"... How then are you turned away ?"
This verse in fact, offers us a clear logical way for knowing the wrong and abandoning it. This way is that: one must first try to know the truth by way of his own conscience and reasoning. After the cognition of the truth, one must abandon whatever is contrary to the truth or other than the truth, because they are those things that mislead.
Commentary : Verse 33
(33) كَذلِكَ حَقَّتْ كَلِمَةُ رَبِّكَ عَلَى الَّذينَ فَسَقُوا أَنَّهُمْ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ
- " Thus is the Word of your Lord proved true against those who did wrong, that they will not believe. "
Breaking the laws of Allah and committing sins provide the grounds for infidelity and in this way man makes Allah's wrath upon himself inevitable. The verse says:
" Thus is the Word of your Lord proved true against those who did wrong, ..."
This is the direct result of their continuous indecency which may darken their hearts and pollute their spirits to the extent that they cannot see the enlightening state of the truth, and thus they go astray. The verse continues saying:
"... that they will not believe. "
Commentary : Verse 34
(34) قُلْ هَلْ مِنْ شُرَكائِكُمْ مَنْ يَبْدَؤُا الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعيدُهُ قُلِ اللَّهُ يَبْدَؤُا الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعيدُهُ فَأَنَّى تُؤْفَكُونَ
- " Say: 'Is there any of your partners(whom you ascribe unto Allah)one( that)can originate creation, then bring it back again ' Say: '(Only)Allah originates creation, then brings it back again; then how are you turned away( from the Truth)'"
The Qur'an asks whether those whom you consider as Allah's partners are able to create and then annihilate that creation and recreate it again in the same way that Allah is able to do. The polytheists know that creation is solely in Allah's Power. Then, why is it that they again weave false stories and lie The verse declares:
" Say: 'Is there any of your partners(whom you ascribe unto Allah)one(that)can originate creation, then bring it back again ' Say: '(Only)Allah originates creation, then brings it back again; then how are you turned away(from the Truth)?"
Commentary : Verse 35
(35) قُلْ هَلْ مِنْ شُرَكائِكُمْ مَنْ يَهْدي إِلَى الْحَقِّ قُلِ اللَّهُ يَهْدي لِلْحَقِّ أَ فَمَنْ يَهْدي إِلَى الْحَقِّ أَحَقُّ أَنْ يُتَّبَعَ أَمَّنْ لا يَهِدِّي إِلاَّ أَنْ يُهْدى فَما لَكُمْ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُونَ
- " Say: 'Is there any of your partners(whom you ascribe unto Allah)one that leads towards the Truth Say: '(Only)Allah leads unto the Truth. Is then He Who leads unto the Truth more worthy to be followed, or he who does not go aright(himself)unless he is guided What then is the matter with you How do you judge ' "
The Qur'an asks once again implying that who provides the living with life and leads them while managing their material and spiritual lives, it self Is He your sole Allah, or are the idols The verse says:
" Say: 'Is there any of your partners(whom you ascribe unto Allah)one that leads towards The Truth ? ..."
Then, the Qur'an, answers that it is the Creator Who guides us and has bestowed on us intellect, ears and eyes, providing the living with instincts which help them manage their affairs in their own interests. Thus, despite all this: Is it appropriate for us to submit ourselves to idols which cannot lead us How is it that the worshippers of idols submit and surrender to such things which are neither able to guide anyone nor have they the potentiality of being led The verse continues saying:
"... Say: '(Only)Allah leads unto The Truth. Is then He Who leads unto the Truth more worthy to be followed, or he who does not go aright(himself)unless he is guided What then is the matter with you How do you judge ?"
Commentary : Verse 36
(36) وَ ما يَتَّبِعُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ إِلاَّ ظَنًّا إِنَّ الظَّنَّ لا يُغْني مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئاً إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَليمٌ بِما يَفْعَلُونَ
- " And most of them follow nothing but conjecture: truly, conjecture can be of no avail against the Truth. Verily Allah is well aware of what they do. "
Thus the reason for their being misled and misguided is that they follow their own conjectures and their own corrupt speculations. Conjectures will never lead us to the Truth and to Reality. Following conjectures only results in the doing of indecencies.
The verse says:
" And most of them follow nothing but conjecture: truly, conjecture can be of no avail against The Truth. ..."
What is of real value is "knowledge". Sound conjecture and confidence, if based on proper solid grounds is valuable, i. e. those conjectures deducted from the apparent words of the holy verses(and quotations)derived from the Allah's commandments which are practiced by Islamic jurisprudents(Fuqaha')in even the minute details of problems.
The verse says:
"... Verily Allah is well aware of what they do. "
However, conjectures in the realm of ideas, if they are rooted in pursuing the vain way of one's ancestors or fanaticism based on ignorance are groundless, and hence, are of no avail. * * * *
Commentary : Verse 37
(37) وَ ما كانَ هذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَنْ يُفْتَرى مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَ لكِنْ تَصْديقَ الَّذي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَ تَفْصيلَ الْكِتابِ لا رَيْبَ فيهِ مِنْ رَبِّ الْعالَمينَ
- " And this Qur'an is not such as to be produced by other than Allah; but it is a confirmation of(revelations) that went before it, and a(clear) explanation of the Book, wherein there is no doubt, from the Lord of the Worlds. "
The comprehensive nature of the Qur'an and its contents are such that any kind of unsound allegation ascribed to it and relating it to other than Allah(s. w. t.)is unreasonable. The holy verse says:
" And this Qur'an is not such as to be produced by other than Allah; but it is a confirmation of(revelations)that went before it, ..."
All heavenly Books confirm each other; their differences lie only in the conciseness and detail of their contents. The verse continues saying:
"... and a(clear)explanation of the Book, wherein there is no doubt, from the Lord of the Worlds. "
Commentary : Verse 38
(38) أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَراهُ قُلْ فَأْتُوا بِسُورَةٍ مِثْلِهِ وَ ادْعُوا مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صادِقينَ
- " Or they say, 'He has forged it. ' Say: 'Bring then a Sura like unto it, and call(to your aid)anyone you can, besides Allah, if you are truthful! '"
The Qur'an has reiterated on several occasions that the words of Allah(the Qur'an)are miracles because of the inability of man and jinn to present something similar, and it has presented this challenge to both of them. Among the verses that testify to this fact, one may cite verse 31 of the Sura Hud. Despite the fact that Islam has had millions of opponents throughout history and still has such enemies, and they have striven to weaken the Qur'an and defeat Islam, carrying out intensive activities in the process, yet this confident challenge of the Qur'an has been left unanswered and will continue to be so until the Day of Resurrection.
Since we are dealing with setting the dimensions and the definition of the Qur'an, we will now point out some aspects of this divine miracle.
1.It distills extensive and profound wisdom into concise words. For instance, regarding the relationship of man and woman, it comments: "They(your wives)are a clothing for you and you are a clothing for them. '(1) To explain the fragility and vulnerability of the non- divine powers, it likens them to a spider's web or declares that they are unable to create even a
(1) Sura Al- Baqarah, No. 2, verse 187
gnat. It says: " verily those whom you call upon besides Allah cannot create a gnat. "(1)
Its profundity and the sweetness of words do not render it monotonous even if it may be read over and again for more than thousand times; on the contrary, each time it is studied it presents new messages.
Its harmony of words is especially outstanding and if a Qur'anic verse is placed among other Arabic texts or passages it can be easily distinguished from them.
The comprehensive nature of the Qur'an: It includes reasoning and demonstration to citing examples from worldly affairs to the life in hereafter, and also the facts concerning family problems, legal, political, military, ethical, historical teachings etc.
Its realism: Its contents are not based upon conjecture; even its stories are documented and real.
The universal and all- embracing nature of the Qur'an: All people will benefit from it at all levels and in all places regardless of whenever or wherever they are; it is not a Book particular to a special time, place, or people.
The eternal effect of the Qur'an: The older the age of humanity and the more the sciences progress the more of its secrets are discovered.
Its ever- increasing and its everlasting development: Despite having an increasing number of enemies and the growing number of attacks launched against it during its history, it has not only survived but also it has secured the highest station.
(1) Sura Al- Hajj, No. 22, verse 73
It is an ever- existing miracle by itself. A miracle that is available to all and is composed of the kind of words that put it at everyone's disposal.
It is both a miracle and a Book of commandments and legal codes.
It is a token from an illiterate man from a region deprived of literacy.
Nothing has been added to it or deducted from it and it has been kept intact from distortion. The Qur'an puts forth the simplest challenge, of calling people to present a Sura like it, to prove its being miraculous. It declares:
" Or they say, 'He has forged it. ' Say: 'Bring then a Sura like unto it, ..."
The Qur'an is a miracle not only in its entirety but also every one of its suras proves the same. This challenge of the Qur'an is not confined to a specific time and place. It will stand unanswered all over the globe until the end of the life of mankind and the Day of Resurrection. The Qur'an's challenge is not only issued to the common people, on the contrary, it is issued to all of mankind, including: jurisconsults, men of letters, and geniuses. It continues saying:
"... and call(to your aid)anyone you can, besides Allah, if you are truthful! '"
Commentary : Verse 39
(39) بَلْ كَذَّبُوا بِما لَمْ يُحيطُوا بِعِلْمِهِ وَ لَمَّا يَأْتِهِمْ تَأْويلُهُ كَذلِكَ كَذَّبَ الَّذينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ فَانْظُرْ كَيْفَ كانَ عاقِبَةُ الظَّالِمينَ
- " Nay, they belied that which they comprehended not with the knowledge of it, which whose interpretation has not yet come to them. Even thus did belie those before them, see then what was the end of the unjust ones. "
The opponents of the prophets have often had two reasons for their dissidence throughout history, one of which was due to their ignorance and the other to their lack of knowledge and intellectual appreciation of the glorious Qur'an as well as the other heavenly Books. It says:
" Nay, they belied that which they comprehended not with the knowledge of it, which whose interpretation has not yet come to them. Even thus did belie those before them, ..."
They rejected the Qur'an before they knew the truth about it and had not grasped command of its interpretation and meaning; because it was fundamentally against their ancestral religion. Hence, as to the eventual fate of the oppressors, the verse continues saying:
"... see then what was the end of the unjust ones. "
Commentary : Verse 40
(40) وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ لا يُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَ رَبُّكَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُفْسِدينَ
40."And some of them believe in it and some of them do not believe in it;and your Lord knows best the mischief makers."
A leader must not expect everyone to believe in his way. He must lead them on to the Right Path and if they do not follow, he can only let them wait for the divine punishment.
The verse says:
" And some of them believe in it and some of them do not believe in it; and your Lord knows best the mischief makers. "