8

Chapter Eight: Narrations of Imams Hasan and Husain (a.s.) about the Promised Mahdi

الْمُظَفَّرُ الْعَلَوِيُّ عَنِ ابْنِ الْعَيَّاشِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَبْرَئِيلَ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْبَغْدَادِيِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ سَدِيرِ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ عقيصاء [عَقِيصَى‏] قَالَ لَمَّا صَالَحَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ ع مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنَ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ فَلَامَهُ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى بَيْعَتِهِ فَقَالَ ع وَيْحَكُمْ مَا تَدْرُونَ مَا عَمِلْتُ وَ اللَّهِ الَّذِي عَمِلْتُ خَيْرٌ لِشِيعَتِي مِمَّا طَلَعَتْ عَلَيْهِ الشَّمْسُ أَوْ غَرَبَتْ أَ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّنِي إِمَامُكُمْ مُفْتَرَضُ الطَّاعَةِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ أَحَدُ سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ بِنَصٍّ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص قَالُوا بَلَى قَالَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتُمْ أَنَّ الْخَضِرَ لَمَّا خَرَقَ السَّفِينَةَ وَ قَتَلَ الْغُلَامَ وَ أَقَامَ الْجِدَارَ كَانَ ذَلِكَ سَخَطاً لِمُوسَى بْنِ عِمْرَانَ ع إِذْ خَفِيَ عَلَيْهِ وَجْهُ الْحِكْمَةِ فِيهِ وَ كَانَ ذَلِكَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ حِكْمَةً وَ صَوَاباً أَ مَا عَلِمْتُمْ أَنَّهُ مَا مِنَّا أَحَدٌ إِلَّا وَ يَقَعُ فِي عُنُقِهِ بَيْعَةٌ لِطَاغِيَةِ زَمَانِهِ إِلَّا الْقَائِمُ الَّذِي يُصَلِّي رُوحُ اللَّهِ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ خَلْفَهُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يُخْفِي وِلَادَتَهُ وَ يُغَيِّبُ شَخْصَهُ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِأَحَدٍ فِي عُنُقِهِ بَيْعَةٌ إِذَا خَرَجَ ذَاكَ التَّاسِعُ مِنْ وُلْدِ أَخِي الْحُسَيْنِ ابْنِ سَيِّدَةِ الْإِمَاءِ يُطِيلُ اللَّهُ عُمُرَهُ فِي غَيْبَتِهِ ثُمَّ يُظْهِرُهُ بِقُدْرَتِهِ فِي صُورَةِ شَابٍّ ابْنِ دُونِ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً ذَلِكَ لِيُعْلَمَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلى‏ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ

1- Ikmaaluddin: It is narrated from Muzaffar Alawi from Ibne Ayyash from his father from Jibraeel bin Ahmad from Musa bin Ja’far Baghdadi from Hasan bin Muhammad Sairafi from Hannan bin Sudair from his father, Sudair bin Hakeem from his father from Abu Saeed Uqeesa that he said:

When Hasan Ibne Ali (a.s.) signed the peace treaty with Muawiyah Ibne Abi Sufyan, people went to him and some of them criticized him for it. The Imam said: “Woe unto you! You do not know what I did. By Allah, what I have done is better for my Shia than all the riches upon which the sun has risen and set. Don’t you know that I am your Imam, whose obedience is obligatory upon you, and one of the two chiefs of the people of the Garden on the virtue of explicit saying of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.)?”

They said: “Indeed so.” He said: “Don’t you know that when Khizr tore the boat and killed the boy and erected the wall, that was very harsh for Musa Ibne Imran (a.s.), since its wisdom was hidden to him, which was wisdom and propriety before Allah?

Don’t you know there is no one of us except a pledge of allegiance to the tyrant of his time falls on his neck except the Qaim behind whom Ruhullah Isa Ibne Maryam will pray? For Allah, the Exalted, will hide his birth and conceal his person, so there will not be any commitment of allegiance on his neck for anyone when he rises. He is the ninth from the children of my

brother Husain, the son of Fatima, the Mistress of bondmaids. Allah will prolong his life in his occultation. Then he will bring him forth through His power in the figure of a youth of less than forty years, so it may be knownthat Allah isAll-Powerful over everything.

2- Ikmaaluddin: It is narrated from Abdul Wahid bin Muhammad bin Abdus from Abu Amr Laithi from Muhammad bin Masud from Ali bin Muhammad bin Shajja from Muhammad bin Isa from Ibne Abu Umair from Abdur Rahman bin Hajjaj from Ja’far bin Muhammad (a.s.) from his father Muhammad bin Ali (a.s.) from his father Ali bin Husain that Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

“Blessings of Allah be unto them; in the ninth son of mine there is a tradition from Yusuf and a tradition from Musa, the son of Imran. He is the Qaim of us Ahle Bayt. Allah, the High, will restitute his affair in a single night.”

3- Ikmaaluddin: Maghazi has narrated from Ibne Uqdah from Ahmad bin Musa bin Furat from Abdul Wahid bin Muhammad from Sufyan from Abdullah bin Zubair from Abdullah Ibne Sharik on the authority of a man from Hamadan, saying:

I heard Husain Ibne Ali, Allah’s blessings be unto them both, say, “The Qaim of this Ummah is the ninth from my progeny. He is the man of the occultation. And he is the one whose inheritance is distributed while he is alive.”

4- Ikmaaluddin: It is narrated from Hamadani from Ali from his father from Abdus Salam Harawi from Waki bin Jarrah from Rabi bin Saad from Abdur Rahman bin Salit that Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

“There are Twelve Guides from us; their first is Amirul Momineen Ali Ibne Abi Talib (a.s.) and their last is the ninth from my sons and he is the Imam, the Establisher of the Truth. Allah will revive the earth after its death. He will uplift the right religion through himover all religions, dislike may the polytheists. He will have an occultation in which nations will apostatize and many more will stay firm on the religion. They will be maltreated and asked:When is this promise, if you are truthful?

Behold, the one who remains steadfast during his occultation despite maltreatments and falsifications, is in the position of a warrior with the sword in the way of Allah in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.).”

5- Ikmaaluddin: It is narrated from Ali bin Muhammad bin Hasan Qazwini from Muhammad bin Abdullah Hadhrami from Ahmad bin Yahya Hawl from Khallad Muqri from Qays bin Abu Hasin from Yahya bin Wathab from Abdullah Ibne Umar that he said: I heard Husain Ibne Ali (a.s.) say:

“Even if there should not remain but a single day from the world, Allah, the Exalted, will prolong that day so much that a man from my progeny will

rise. He will fill the earth with justice and equity as it will be replete with injustice and oppression. So I heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) say.”

6- Ikmaaluddin: Shaykh Saduq has narrated from his father from Muhammad bin Yahya Attar from Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Malik from Hamadan bin Mansur from Saad bin Muhammad from Isa Khashshab that he said:

I said to Husain Ibne Ali (a.s.), “Are you the Awaited Patron of this Enterprise?” He said: “No, rather, the Patron of this Enterprise is the runaway fugitive, the son of a non-avenged father, called by the patronymic of his uncle. He will put his sword on his shoulder for eight months.”

7- Ghaibat Tusi: A group has narrated from Talakbari from Ahmad bin Ali from Ahmad bin Idris from Ibne Qutaibah from Fadhl from Amr bin Uthman from Muhammad bin Ghazafar from Uqbah bin Yunus from Abdullah bin Sharik who says in a lengthy narration that Husain (a.s.) passed by a group of Umayyads sitting in the Masjid of the Messenger (a.s.). He said:

“Behold, by Allah, the world will not end until Allah sends a man from my seed, who will kill from you one thousand and with the thousand another thousand and with the thousand another thousand.”

I asked, “May I be your ransom. They are the sons of so-and-so and they do not reach this number.” The Imam said: “Look at you! At that time, a man will have from his seed so-and-­so many men. And the chief of our people will be from themselves.”