Logic For Islamic Rules

The Order of Revelation of Surahs of the Holy Quran and the Scribes of Revelation

Question: According to the revelation which is the first and last Surahs of the Holy Quran? After the revelation by whom was the Holy Quran being written?

Answer: Whatever is written by the reliable Islamic historians according to that the first Surah which was revealed on the Holy Prophet (a.s.) was:

Read in the name of your Lord Who created. [Surah Alaq 96:1]

And the last Surah was Surah Tauba. The subject matter of these Surahs also support this assertion.

As regards the writing of Quran in the period of the Holy Prophet (a.s.) it can be said that whatever verses which were revealed to him some of his selected comparisons used to regularly and formally ask him about those verses and write them in the style of Kufi style which was the current style of writing in those days. Those gentlemen were called Katib al-Wahy meaning writers of the revelations of the Holy Quran. Historians have written the number of these persons to be 43. Out of those 43 persons, Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) and some other companions worked very hard as compared to the rest in the job of writing the verses of Quran. They used to always remain present in the service of the Prophet (a.s.) and under his subtle guidance and supervision wrote all the revealed verses.

Keeping in mind that the foundation of Islam is on that

 heavenly book and it is the basic law of Muslims in all the spheres of social and the individual life, the Holy Prophet (a.s.) himself specially arranged the chapters and verses in the present form.

At the time of demise of the Prophet (a.s.) the whole Quran was in existence in written form with the Muslims. Many people had also committed it to memory. The Holy Quran, which is present with the Muslims is the same which existed with the Muslims at the time of demise of the Prophet (a.s.).