Logic in the Islamic Legacy: a General Overview

Logic: A brief overview

Logic is the discipline of valid reasoning, inference and demonstration. While many cultures have employed systems of reasoning, and logical methods are evident in all human thought, logic descending from the Greek tradition, particularly Aristotelian logic, impacted more on and was further developed by Islamic logicians from the 8th till 14th centuries.

"Mantiq " is the Arabic equivalent of "logic". It points to the practice of defending the tenets of Islam through rational argument.